The specific cause for colon cancer development is still unknown in medicine, but there are some factors that contribute to its development. Some of them can be changed and others can’t be modified. Things that have a lot of influence on colon cancer development are diet, age and race among the others things.
It was established that people who move from a country with low colon cancer percentage into the country that has a high percentage of people with colon cancer are more likely to be at risk of developing the same. So, according to that, the environment has an influence on colon cancer development. Also, people who practice smoking and drinking of alcohol are at risk of developing colorectal cancer. Unhealthy diet habits are also responsible for colon cancer development, because food that has fat in it and animal fat are the most risky things that can cause this disease. Food that protects our body from colon cancer is food that is rich in fiber, and yellow and green vegetables. There are some conditions and diseases that can promote colon cancer and some of them are inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn`s disease. If a patient has ulcerative colitis, the prognosis for colon cancer development depends upon the length of the disease. The risk of the cancer increases along with the duration of ulcerative colitis presence and in percentage, if the disease lasts over 10 years, the risk increases for 3%, while if it lasts over 20 years, and the risk increases for 20%. An adenomatous polyp in the large intestine is a condition that can be found during a colonoscopy and it also increases chances for colon cancer forming. People who have had in their medical history treatment from some other cancer are more likely to develop this cancer than other people, which also goes for women who have had breast cancer, endometrial cancer, or ovarian cancer previously. There are some conditions that appear due to genetics and that can promote colon cancer development and those conditions include familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and other condition that don’t appear so frequently.
It is important to know that the biggest risk factor is age, because this type of cancer develops after 40 years of age. If someone from your direct family had colon cancer, your chances for developing the same are increased three to four times. It is important to have medical history of your all medical interventions. If you have a disease that is connected to colon cancer, then you should know about the potential risk.