Hyaluronic acid represents a polysaccharide which consists of N-acetyl glucosamine and D- glucuronic acid. This acid is component of collagen which is present in the entire body. The function of hyaluronic acid is to maintain the collagen hydration by holding water. The astonishing lubricating characteristic of this acid makes it important for many body organs such as skin, heart, eyes and joints. The acid is a product of human fibroblast cells. In case that person takes increased amounts of vitamin B called riboflavin or is exposed to sun rays (particularly ultraviolet radiation) the degradation of hyaluronic acid is amplified. Even viral infections can lead to insufficient amounts of the acid. Prolonged insufficiency results in premature damage of the connective tissue.
Given all the previously mentioned this acid is rather beneficial. It is good for osteoarthritis as it makes the pain more tolerable and helps with patient's mobility especially those who are suffering from osteoarthritis of the knees. Hyaluronic acid is in these patients taken either orally or is injected directly into the affected joints.This therapeutic method is highly effective.
Some surgical procedures on eyes are conducted with the assistance of hyaluronic acid. For example surgery for cataracts or even corneal transplantation is followed by injection of the acid. In these cases hyaluronic acid is actually a substitute for bodily fluids. Even in plastic surgery the injections of the acid are used in filling of the lips. Injectable form of hyaluronic acid is used in smoothing of the facial wrinkles as well. The results of these intervention last up to 6 months and have to be repeated. Hyaluronic acid is a component of a skin gel used topically in treatment of actinic keratoses which is the third common skin condition in the United States.
This miraculous acid can be helpful in healing process of burns, ulcers and other wound of the skin. It moisturizes the skin and provides with elasticity.Some are convinced that this acid may impede the process of aging. Still there are no proofs to present the support of this hypothesis.
Apart from benefits there are certain side effects that have to be taken into consideration. They may occur during injection of the acid into the knee but the procedure is basically well tolerated. These minor complications include bruising and red coloration of the injected spot, swelling and pain or sometimes itching sensations. Patients who are suffering from serious allergies must not undergo the procedure of hyaluronic acid injection.