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The problem of obesity

Problems with excessive weight are something that has beentalked about and discussed for a very long time. We can freely say that obesityis one of the major health problems today. To give a definition of obesity, wewill say that it is a condition in which patient has higher amounts of body fatthan normal. As for causes of obesity, we can say there are several, suchas problems with metabolism, nonexistence of physical activities, but it can also beinduced by genetic factors. But, the main symptom revolves around eatinghabits, diets, type of food ingested. Non healthy habits, eating more mealsthan necessary and taking higher amount of food than needed, this all leads to obesity.But, unfortunately, there are also psychological factors that contribute tothis illness. The way we live today causes too much stress, and sometimes,eating excessively and frequently is the only stress reliever.

How to lose weight

The equation that leads to weight loss is simple: energy spentfor everyday activities has to be higher than the energy taken with food. When thishappens, body needs additional energy in order to function properly, and thatis taken from body fat. There are three main methods of dealing with obesity, increasedphysical activity, weight loss medications, and diets.

Physical activity is always highly recommended, but it hasto be appropriate for the patient’s condition. As for diets, they have to behealthy, and to have a good balance when it comes to major food types.Weight loss medications – first thing that is needed to knowis that no medication should be used without an approval from a medical expert.This also goes for obesity, because sometimes treating the underlying factormight be more effective for patient than dealing with the excessive weight. Thisis especially emphasized when there are psychological factors involved. So, forexample, treating depression that induced obesity will help in reducing thebody weight. Popular weight loss meds today are appetite suppressants.Phentermine is one of those, and it has similar role as amphetamine,by having a big influence on central nervous system. Progesterone hormone can alsobe used to deal with obesity, but it has to be said that its exact mechanism isnot known. There is also Ionamin®, another appetite suppressant, whichfunctions by secreting substances that affect brain areas responsible forappetite. Beside suppressants, there is another type of medication, this one basedon reducing the fat absorption (Xenical®). Even though some meds are quiteeffective, only few can be used for a longer period and almost always diet andexercises have to be included. And as with any other medication, there might be some sideeffects which, if they appear, have to be reported to the doctor.

Losing weight is not an easy process and it does take time,but with the help of medications, doctors, nutritionists, exercises, and with patienceand determination it can be done, obesity can be defeated.

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