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Keloid is the medical term for the type of the scar which is characterized by the constant growth and expanding over the nearby tissue. Keloids, are, additionally, protuberant, soft and of pink or purple colour. That is, they appear as the consequence of the excessive accumulation of the type 3 collagen.

Fortunately, although progressively extending over the nearby skin surface, they are neither the malign formations nor can be passed on to the other individuals. The biggest problem are the complications of the skin that may happen, of course, if these scars are left untreated, and most common unwanted consequence is the significant degeneration and displacement of some skin part.

Also, it is important to point out that some people are more prone to be affected by this problem, and it hasn’t been yet scientifically proven why. That is because the main provokes are the same as in the cases of the regular scars, and most commonly they tend to appear as the consequence of the scar from a surgical procedure, after tattooing and piercing, after squeezing acne, after receiving a vaccine (especially if the BSG vaccine is injected), or it can be caused by the similar injuries and if certain tension is present in the open injury. Unfortunately, sometimes keloids can appear on their own, as well.

However, it is a fact that the older adults and the small children are less likely to get keloids. They often grow on the facial skin, on the pending parts of the ears, and on the areas of neck, back, chest and shoulders. Some of the other symptoms may be the sense of itch and pain, especially, if the keloid is by accident rubbed against another surface.

Dealing with keloids

There are a lot of ways to get rid of keloids, mostly because they can be very painful and because they are often a significant esthetic problem.

Unfortunately, none of the treatments is 100% efficient, but the most usually performed are the surgical procedures of the retrieval (since the simple incision can lead to the opposite effect), of removing them by the use of laser, and the procedure of freezing the keloid, which is focused on making it flat (but, this almost always includes certain pigmentation of the treated spots).

Among the less invasive treatments, the most popular is the therapy based on injecting the cortisone, which is very effective, but the treated surface becomes very red after it. Also very popular are the injections of the chemical called fluorouracil and of the protein called interferon. Besides the injections, one could treat the keloids by applying the pads filled with the silicone gel over them, or by using the homeopathy as the therapy.

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