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If the biceps suffer excessive pressure or extreme stress, there is a chance that the bicep muscle will become torn or ruptured. The muscle and the bone are connected to each other, but they may disconnect at the front area of the upper arm if an arm suffers excessive strain. All of this can be very painful and cause problems such as weakness in the arms. Torn biceps can occur due to other reasons, but they are mostly associated with weight lifting, and one of such exercises in the gym is "Preacher's Curve". Starting to exercise without prior warm up routine can also cause the problem in question. Bicep tendon tears can be complete, when the tendon is split in two, or partial, when the bone and the tendon are not completely disconnected. Fraying is the first thing that happens when you suffer torn tendon, but there is a chance that complete tear can occur after lifting something heavy.


The most common way of tearing the bicep muscle is by injury. This mostly occurs when we lift heavy objects, when we fall on an outstretched arm, or during sports. The ruptures of the distal bicep tendon can mostly be seen among middle-aged men and this injury happens at the joints of elbows. Next possible cause of the problem is overuse. Torn biceps muscle can be a result of a fraying biceps muscle, which was torn after some period of wearing down. Repetitions of the shoulder motion, overuse and age are some of the most common ways in which this occurs, and this can lead to rotator cuff injuries, shoulder impingement, tendonitis and other injuries. Older people are more prone to this injury due to the fraying that this muscle suffers over time.


Sharp and sudden pain in the upper arm area are the initial symptoms of the torn biceps muscle. This will be followed by cramps and in some cases, the popping sound could be heard when the bone and muscles have been detached from each other. Also, snapping sound can be heard as well. On the elbows and shoulders there will probably be tenderness and muscle pain, and problems when trying to turn a palm down or up. Bruising will also be present and a bulge is a possibility as well.

Partial ruptures can cause certain problems during diagnosis, but complete do not cause problems because the deformity is visible. Diagnosis can be done by making your bicep muscle tight with arm straight. If you are suffering from a partial rupture, you will feel pain when using this muscle.

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