Thrush (Candidiasis) is a yeast infection and it is a common cause of diaper rash. The very connection between thrush and diaper rush is that the diaper area is warm and dump thus creating the perfect environment for Candida yeast to start multiplying uncontrollably. Human skin is able to prevent yeast infection but under certain circumstances the yeast is allowed to grow and cause specific symptoms. Warmth and dampness of diapers as well as irritation that commonly occurs in babies represent highly suitable predisposing factors for thrush.
It is important to mention that not all diaper rash occurs due to thrush infection. This type of rash may also be associated with prolonged exposure to feces and urine both of which are acidic in nature. These acids are responsible for skin irritation, particularly if the baby has sensitive skin or diapers are not changed regularly.
Thrush and Diaper Rash
Thrush and associated diaper rash develop when the skin's integrity is compromised by prolonged moisture and exposure to urine and fecal acidity. The yeast infection generally begins once the skin's integrity is jeopardized. The infection typically starts in the body folds around the legs. These parts are usually not affected by contact diaper rash but due to warmer and dumper environment they are highly suitable for Candida yeast to thrive.
Many babies suffering from diaper rash caused by yeast infection also suffer from oral thrush. The yeast can reach the anal area via gastrointestinal tract and eventually cause the infection. Mothers who take antibiotics during breastfeeding as well as babies who receive antibiotics soon after birth are more susceptible to thrush. The infection can be passed from the mother to the baby and vice versa.
Characteristics of Diaper Rash
It is essential to be familiar with characteristics of early symptoms and signs of thrush in babies.
Common symptoms and signs of a diaper rash caused by Candida albicans include dark and red rash accompanied by scaling and lacerations, rash that is most prominent in groin area and buttock creases and small red dots located around larger red patches. The border of the rash is defined.
It is essential to treat diaper rash caused by thrush since it carries a risk of secondary infections and more serious complications. In case a mother believes her baby is suffering from diaper's rash associated with thrush she is due to consult a baby's pediatrician as soon as possible. The infection is easily cured with an ointment. Additional measures include washing of the infant's diaper area with mild soap or just warm water. The affected area must be kept clean and dry. And finally, it is important to pay attention and apply specific measures and prevent recurrence of the infection.