The penis is the male genital organ. The penis is made up of the urethra, a tube through which semen and urine pass through, the head also called the glans and a piece of skin covering it called the foreskin. Cancer of the penis is the extremely rare and the chances of recovery from penile cancer are very high. Penile cancer develops when malignant cells form on the skin or in the tissue of the penis, but it mostly occurs under the foreskin or on the glans.
It is not yet known what exactly causes penile cancer, but there are certain risk groups established. For example, uncircumcised men have a higher chance of developing malignant penile cancer than circumcised men.
The symptoms of penile cancer include a reddish, velvety rash on the glans, an unusual painless growth like an ulcer or sore on the foreskin or glans, a strong smelling substance under the foreskin, a change in color of the penis, and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin in the advanced stages of the illness. This last symptom is not only connected to this illness, but it manifests itself in the conditions of genital herpes or syphilis. This is why it is important to consult your doctor about any questions and symptoms which may appear.
There are definitive risk factors which could be said to increase the chance of developing penile cancer, and those fall into these groups: men who do not wash under the foreskin regularly, in the case they have not been circumcised. The men who are infected by the Human Papilloma Virus or have genital warts. Men over the age of 40, as cases of penile cancer before that age are very rare. Smokers. It naturally follows that the longer men take to turn to the doctor will increase the chances for the disease to progress.
Practicing safe sex is one of the ways of protection against penile cancer, as the venereal diseases like genital warts are not transmitted. Practicing good personal hygiene and paying attention to thoroughly wash the whole penis is another way of protection. As smoking increases the risk, it should be stopped.
Penile cancer diagnosis begins with a physical examination and an overview of the whole medical history of the patient. The doctor then prescribes further testing such as a biopsy to analyze a small part of the tissue under a microscope. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient is referred to an ultra sound and a CT scan to determine the stage of development.
The treatment of penile cancer involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In the case that the cancer is not big, normal sex life and urination will be continued without difficulties.