Oral herpes is medically called the herpes labialis. Apart from herpes labialis, there are several other types of herpes, such as genital herpes which affects the sexual organs, herpes whitlow which is the finger herpes, herpes keratitis which is the eye herpes, and the brain and central nervous system herpes, which is called herpes simplex encephalitis.
The oral herpes is a viral disease caused by herpes simplex virus, and there are two types of this virus: herpes simplex virus 1 and herpes simplex virus 2. In the majority of the cases, the oral simplex is caused by herpes simplex virus 1, while herpes simplex virus 2 is usually the main cause for the occurrence of genital herpes. However, there are cases, although very few, when herpes simplex virus type 1 can cause the genital herpes, while the type 2 can cause the oral herpes. The oral herpes is popularly known as fever blisters or cold sores.
Symptoms of oral herpes in women
There are certain symptoms of this infection even before the blisters appear on the skin. In this stage, the virus is already in the mucous membrane and skin. These early symptoms are slight burning sensation and itching of the infected area. After that, the cold sores or fever blisters emerge on the surface. It can be very painful and itching at the same time. The cold sores gradually become crusty and dry. When all this passes, the virus progresses to the spine and to the dorsal root ganglion and stays there inactive. In the stressful period in the future it may become active again.
Prevention of oral herpes
It is very important to avoid the physical contact with the person that is infected or has open cold sores. Therefore, kissing, touching and hugging should be avoided and the cold sores must be regularly cleaned. Furthermore, the person must frequently wash the hands. Moreover, it is highly recommended to use some kind of protection during sexual activity, such as condoms, in order to prevent possible infection and genital herpes.
Treatment of oral herpes
Since this infection is caused by a virus, the doctors do not prescribe antibiotics. In most cases, they prescribe antiviral medicines, such as acyclovir and Valacyclovir. Moreover, ibuprofen may help a lot, also. These medicines are very effective in reducing the symptoms of fever blisters, such as pain and itching. Many herbalists recommend certain herbs, while the infected person can apply ice packs and wet tea bags on the cold sores.