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Swollen feet causes

Swollen feet and the most common causes

Building up of the fluid in various parts of the body is not at all uncommon and it can occur due to various reasons. Surely, it is not necessarily a sign of some serious condition, but the fact is that it can be an indicator of some potentially very dangerous disease and exactly for that reason, this problem should not be ignored. Generally, when people walk or stand a lot, it is very likely that some slight swelling in the lower part of the legs will be experienced, but it is not a reason for concern as long as weight gaining and shortness of breath do not accompany it.

As for the swelling that occurs in feet, besides diseases or malfunctioning of the heart, liver or kidneys, there is a number of other possible causes. If a person follows a diet high in salt and carbohydrates, or if they are prone to laxative, diuretic, or drug abuse, this problem can occur easily. People who take hormones either in the form of birth control pills or through the hormone replacement therapy are also at risk of experiencing swollen feet, and the same goes for women who are pregnant or in PMS. Swelling of feet is one of the symptoms of neuromuscular disorders, allergies, injuries to the muscle or preeclampsia, but it can also occur due to a number of disorders related to blood vessels. Whichever the cause, it is necessary to do something about it, because otherwise, serious skin ulcers might appear.

Can it be treated and how?

The problem can be treated, but it primarily depends on the cause, which is why it is important to identify it. Besides anti-inflammatory medications, which help in decreasing the swelling, what might also help is elevating the leg or both legs at the level above the heart, wearing support socks and stockings, as well as appropriate shoes and leg wedges over night (while sleeping). As for some additional advice that everyone can try regardless of the cause, drinking plenty of water and reducing the intake of salt are among the first things that should be tried out. Regular exercising and avoiding the situations that require standing or sitting for a long time might also be useful, because it improves circulation of the blood. People who have problems with excess weight should try to reduce it, because that way the pressure on the veins will be reduced as well.   

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