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Spinal Meningitis

In this text, we will talk about a problem of meningitis, cerebrospinal fluid of the brain, and the spinal cord inflammation and infection.This problem is commonly created by the effect of fungus, viral and bacterialinfection. As most know, the membrane covering the spinal cord and the brainis called meningitis. When the problem of the cerebrospinal fluid infection is present but untreated, nerve cells may become damaged and lead to the creationof bleeding in the brain and neurological problems.

Causes

Purulent meningitis is a problem produced by the bacterial infection, whileaseptic meningitis is the name for a non-bacterial form of the problem. The Neisseriameningitides is one of the biggest culprits for the bacterial meningitis. Oneof the most common creators of the spinal meningitis among infants is thehaemophilus influenza type b bacteria, while pneumococcus and streptococcuspneumoniaeare causes of the problem among the adults. These problems can sometimes causebrain damage, but they are generally very rare. The upper respiratory tractinfection can be created due to the bacteria and this can lead to the problemswith the brain if the bacteria reach it by the bloodstream. Viral meningitisis a less serious problem and it is the most common form of spinal meningitis.Gungal meningitis is a problem produced by the effect of fungus, but thisproblem attacks a bit more frequently those with the weak immune system. Also, spinal meningitis can be removed on its own.

Symptoms

Spinal meningitis can produce seizures, fatigue, muscle spasms, rapidbreathing, joint pain, drowsiness, light sensitivity, confusion, vomiting,stiff neck, nausea, headache and high fever. Symptoms that aredeveloped by infants with spinal meningitis are whimpering, lethargy, bulgingfontanelle, arching back, eating reluctantly, high pitched crying andirritability.

Treatment

Lumbar puncture procedure is usually used for diagnosing the spinal meningitisproblem. The sample of cerebrospinal fluid has to be given for the procedure.Bacterial culture, CT scan and chest X-ray are some of the tests that can beused for diagnosing the problem. If a person has a more serious problem,intravenous fluid must be administered and hospital stay is obligatory. Antibioticsare the most common way of treating bacterial meningitis, but the exact type that will be used depends on every case. Symptoms can be controlled with the use of some medications.Viral meningitis is a problem that cannot be treated with antibiotics. This problemrequires no medications and it goes away on its own in two or three weeks.You can also take vaccines for the meningitis.

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