Sinuses are air holes located between the eyes (medically termed ethmoid sinuses), in the cheekbones (maxillary sinuses), in the upper part of the nose (sphenoid sinuses) and inside the eyebrow area (frontal sinuses).
Polluted air full of harmful substances, a weak immune system, asthma and other breathing conditions cause the inflammation of the sinuses characterized by pains in the sinuses area blocked nose under pressure and heavy breathing. Bacteria, viruses, allergens (pollen, food, dust, molds, smoke) and air pollutants induce the production of nose secretion and mucous, which blocks the nose passage and disallow normal breathing. These problems may be acute and last for a week or two, but if the problems prolong to months and even years it is then chronic sinus infection.
Underlying cause of chronic sinus infections are allergens and also polyps in the nose which prevent free air flow through the nose. When the cause is identified, adequate therapy is given. Doctors includes antibiotics in the treatment to kill nose bacteria and also prescribe antihistamines if it is a case of an allergic reaction. Decongestants clear out the congested nose and sometimes drainage and ejecting the nose secretion through special medical apparatus may be included in the therapy. Besides medical treatment, some available home remedies can be quite helpful.
The most common method is to boil water and breathe in the steam vapors. Inhalation should last two or three minutes repeated many times during the day. This helps dissolve the nose secretion and consequentially allows easier and better breathing.
Garlic is known to have many healthy qualities. One of these is that it affects bacteria and fungus. Garlic juice or capsules are a good way to reduce sinus problems. Another method is to cut garlic and boil it in the water. A person bows over the steaming pot and inhales the steam 2 or 3 minutes.
Apple Cider Vinegar also has beneficial effects on the infection. A person should drink two teaspoons of Apple Cider Vinegar mixed in warm water 3 times a day. Apple Cider Vinegar disables further production of nose secretion, mucous.
Surprisingly though, certain food may be the cause of sinus infections. Food can cause allergic reactions that shows as sinus inflammation. Avoiding food causing allergies is advisable. First of all, blood tests have to be done so as to determine which food exactly causes allergies and irritates respiratory organs. Chicken, wheat, bananas, dairy products, chocolate, eggs and corn fall under this category of food.
In order to prevent sinus infection, a person should try and strengthen his or her immune system. Eating properly and regularly, sleeping enough and doing exercises will make a person immune to many viruses. Drinking a lot of water or juices provides organism with sufficient water necessary for all important bodily functions. Drinking at least 10 glasses of water a day can affect nose secretion.
If problems continue days after trying these home treatment methods a person has to visit a physician to be given medical treatment for chronic sinus infections and a weak immune system.