Malarone is one of the antimalarial medicines that can beused in the prevention of malaria, and in the treatment of the same disease,but only in cases where the infected patients haven’t been treated byprophylactic drugs. It is particularly used in the malaria-risk parts of theworld, in which the microorganisms that cause malaria are resistant to otherantimalarial medicines. When it is used for prevention, it has to be prescribedby the doctor. It is usually suggested to take the first tablet two daysbefore travelling to the risky area, and then to continue with one tablet perday for the rest of the time spent there. Since it consists of atovaquone and proguanil, the reasonwhy it is so effective in the treatment of malaria lies in the fact that thefirst ingredient stops the production of energy in the microorganism, and theother stops their multiplication in the blood cells.
Side effects of malerone
Malaria is a very serious disease, and despite a wide rangeof medicines that can be used for its treatment, the mortality rate is too high. The majority ofthe antimalarial medicines is known for the serious side effects that might becaused. When it comes to Malarone, all the side effects may be classified intotwo groups, the minor, and the serious ones. The list of the minor side effects is very long, but some ofthe most frequently reported are nausea, vomiting, coughing, diarrhea, pain inthe stomach, loss of appetite, and headache. It is important to know that theyusually disappear after some time, which is why medical attention is notrequired as soon as they are noticed but if they persist for a longer period,then the doctor should be informed about it.
The side effects from the other group do require medicalattention as soon as they are noticed and some of the most common are fever,shortness of breath, signs of jaundice, loss of weight, pain in the back andmuscles, swelling, and urine which is much darker than usually. If ignored,these symptoms may lead to serious consequences and in some cases, they may befatal. The effect of this medicine may be reduced due to the use ofcertain other medicines, which is why combinations with Malarone should not bemade unless necessary and even then, only with the permission of the doctor. Specialattention is needed in cases of patients who have to take blood thinners.