Puberty is the period in the life of every woman when she changes from a child to a grown-up woman, a womna who is capable of reproduction and who is sexually mature. Puberty happens a little earlier in girls than in boys and manifests itself through many physical changes. Girls are getting their periods, their breasts become bigger and they get hair on several places on the body. All this changes happens because of the estrogen which is the main hormone in the female body.
In girls, puberty starts around the age of 9. At that age they become taller and they start gaining weight. The limbs are growing faster and there can be seen more body fat, while the waist becomes narrower and hips rounded and wider. The height and weight must be controlled by a doctor in order to grow properly.
One of the early signs of puberty in girls is the growing of breasts. It is very important to choose training bra which is soft and comfortable. Apart from the breasts growth, many girls first notice hair on the places on their body, such as arms, legs, armpits and pubic hair. The girls must consult their mothers or sisters if they want to shave the hair in order to do it properly.
In the age of 12 or 13, or happening earlier or later, each girl gets menstruation or menstrual flaw which lasts at least 3 days. During this period they must wear sanitary pad or tampon. The girls face various problems during this period, such as excessive menstrual flow, painful menstruation, and severe pains in the groin area. Fatigue, nausea, vomiting can also appear while the period lasts.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) appears in girls a few days before they get menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome manifests itself through the girl’s mood. The girl becomes anxious, irritable, and sensitive and she has sleeping problems. She is nervous without apparent and visible cause. Once the menstruation starts, the premenstrual symptoms disappear.
Some girls get through puberty earlier and some later. The main thing is that each girl goes through it. It is also essential that, from that moment, she must take care of herself and her sexual life and to have her own doctor who would be familiar with all her problems and all this in order to grow up in a mature person capable of reproduction.
During this period a girl must take care of her health, food and she must exercise.