Puberty is the period in the life ofevery woman when she changes from a child to a grown-up woman, a womna who is capable ofreproduction and who is sexually mature. Puberty happens a little earlier ingirls than in boys and manifests itself through many physical changes. Girlsare getting their periods, their breasts become bigger and they get hair on severalplaces on the body. All this changes happens because of the estrogen which isthe main hormone in the female body.
In girls, puberty starts around the ageof 9. At that age they become taller and they start gaining weight. The limbsare growing faster and there can be seen more body fat, while the waist becomesnarrower and hips rounded and wider. The height and weight must be controlledby a doctor in order to grow properly.
One of the early signs of puberty ingirls is the growing of breasts. It is very important to choose training brawhich is soft and comfortable. Apart from the breasts growth, manygirls first notice hair on the places on their body, such as arms, legs, armpits and pubic hair. The girls must consult theirmothers or sisters if they want to shave the hair in order to do it properly.
In the age of 12 or 13, or happening earlieror later, each girl gets menstruation or menstrual flaw which lasts at least 3days. During this period they must wear sanitary pad or tampon. The girls facevarious problems during this period, such as excessive menstrual flow, painful menstruation,and severe pains in the groin area. Fatigue, nausea, vomiting can also appearwhile the period lasts.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) appears ingirls a few days before they get menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome manifestsitself through the girl’s mood. The girl becomes anxious, irritable, and sensitiveand she has sleeping problems. She is nervous without apparent and visiblecause. Once the menstruation starts, the premenstrual symptoms disappear.
Some girls get through puberty earlierand some later. The main thing is that each girl goes through it. It is alsoessential that, from that moment, she must take care of herself and her sexuallife and to have her own doctor who would be familiar with all her problems andall this in order to grow up in a mature person capable of reproduction.
During this period a girl must take careof her health, food and she must exercise.