Menopause is not considered to be the illness, but a normal phase in the life of every woman. This condition has several phases and it starts when menstrual bleeding stops permanently. Some claim that actual menopause lasts for a month, when the woman stops menstruating, while others consider the whole year when that happens as menopausal year.
No matter how it is called one thing is for sure – most women will experience at least some of the symptoms characteristic for this period of life. All of menopausal signs and symptoms are caused by the lack of estrogen in the body, because ovaries stopped producing this hormone. Women may therefore experience hot flashes, sleeping difficulties, headaches, excess sweating, but also some vaginal dryness and soreness. Some menopausal women are especially prone to mood changes during this period of life. All menopausal and postmenopausal women are more likely to experience thinning of the bones and osteoporosis, and these two conditions are intertwined in many cases. Statistic data reveals that about 50% of menopausal and postmenopausal women will develop osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis happens when the bones lose their density and become fragile. In certain cases, osteoporosis may remain unnoticed and undiagnosed, because there are no other symptoms except for bone fractures. So, if the person does not experience some fracture, osteoporosis might be undiagnosed and yet still developing and progressing. Any bone in the body may fracture because of osteoporosis, but wrist and hip fractures are some of the most common ones. Also, this condition may affect your spine, cause micro fractures and cause “dowager’s hump”.
Treatment of Menopause
Hormone replacement therapy sometimes is short-term treatment for severe menopausal symptoms. Most doctors prescribe lowest possible doses of these hormones for their patients, in order to avoid potential harm.
There are also some non-hormonal drugs, such as Alendronate, ibandronate or risedronate, used to prevent or treat osteoporosis in menopausal patients. These are currently most common medications used in the treatment of osteoporosis and they are used much more than estrogen replacement therapy.
Phytoestrogens found in soy products are also possible line of menopausal treatment. These can be found in miso, soy powder, tempeh, tofu and soybean milk, but also in flaxseed.
Osteoporosis Treatment Options
Patients suffering from osteoporosis might be prescribed teriparatide or bisphosphonates for their condition. Calcitonin is a hormone of the thyroid gland, sometimes used as sprays for people suffering from osteoporosis.
These people are also advised to change their lifestyle and eating habits, since these can beneficially affect their medical condition. Regular exercise, especially weight bearing exercise is considered to be efficient way of help for anyone suffering from osteoporosis.