Osteopenia is a medical term that describes the decrease ofbone mineral density and indicates bone weakening. Bone density is the measureof minerals in the bones and their strength.
Osteopenia is the condition frequent in the post-menopausalwomen. It can be caused by normal aging, and associated with the lack of estrogenin older women. The condition can also be worsened by unhealthy lifestylechoices, including: smoking, alcohol abuse, poor nutrition (especially in men)and lack of regular physical activity. Patients suffering from asthma and usingglucocorticoid medications, and women athletes can also be affected byosteopenia.
This condition is sometimes known as precursor toosteoporosis. It doesn’t mean that every person will develop osteoporosis, butthat untreated osteopenia have osteoporosis consequences. Although osteopeniais more frequent in women, men are also prone to this condition.
Bone weakening is not a condition that causes some symptoms,and some of the patients might not look for medical help. However, if you don’ttreat osteopenia it could lead to bone fractures and osteoporosis. There areseveral different therapy options for patients suffering from this condition.
Medications used to treat osteopenia are bisphosphonates. Theyincorporate to the bone surface and increase weakened bone density. The mostcommon of these are: Actonel, Alendronate, Boniva, calcitonin, Fosamax, fosteum,oyster calcium, Reclast, and tamoxifen. Problems with these drugs are theirside effects and addictive properties.
Natural Choices for Osteopenia
Many osteopenia patients therefore decide to switch tonatural treatments, such as change of diet and exercise regime, but also theuse of some supplements.
As for the diet, doctors recommend healthy and well balancedmenu. Minerals like calcium and magnesium, and vitamins D and K are very importantfor healthy bones. Always strive to eat plenty of food rich in these nutrientsor provide extra vitamins and minerals using supplements.
Physical activity is the great way to prevent osteopenia. Engagein exercises that will improve your coordination and balance, and try walking,jogging or cycling. Doctors say that dancing, aerobics and jumping are alsobeneficial for osteopenia patients. Regular exercise will strengthen yourmuscles, increase the density of your bones and prevent bone fractures. Anotherrecommended activity is tai chi, which is an easy but efficient way to preventosteopenia.
As we said, men are less likely to be affected with boneweakening, but the poor nutrition or lack of physical activity may also causeosteopenia. Healthy diet and some regular exercises are proven to be helpfulfor them, too.