The gynecological problems are the most common problems in women. From the first menstruation, which can begin as early as 10 to 13 years of age, until they reach menopause, when the menstruation ends. Every woman has to cope with some disorders of the reproductive system at some period of her life.
One of the menstruation problems in women is polymenorrhea, marked by too frequent menstruations. In women who suffer from this condition, the menstrual cycle does not last long In most cases, the menstruation appears around every 21 day, or even at shorter intervals. The luteal phase is the period that passes from the ovulation to the next menstruation. In women with polymenorrhea, this luteal phase is shorter than it is should be. Polymenorrhea is a bothersome condition and if it prolongs for a long period of time, it can have a negative impact on fertility in women.
Causes of polymenorrheaPolymenorrhea is a menstrual problem that can be induced by many psychological factors, but can be also due to some internal health conditions and diseases. Irregular menstrual periods in women are usually a result of constant exposure to stress. Nowadays, women are almost always under some type of stress, either at work or at home. The stress causes the changes in the levels of hormones and subsequently leads to the occurrence of menstrual problems, including polymenorrhea. Therefore, it is extremely important to manage stress with regular physical exercises and by certain medications. When women reach their fifties, menopause occurs, which is the period when the production of the hormone estrogen ends. Due to this, women do not have menstruations any more. A couple of years before menopause are called perimenopause, and the woman’s body changes during this period. In this time of a woman’s life, the body undergoes great hormonal changes and perymenorrhea might occur. One of the causes responsible for the incidence of perymenorrhea is endometriosis. This condition is characterized by growth of the endometrial cells outside of the uterus, in the surrounding area, to be more precise. The most common symptoms of this condition that affects the female reproductive system are excessive menstrual periods, perymenorrhea, painful sexual intercourse and spotting between the periods. Sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia and gonorrhea are also considered to be responsible for the occurrence of perymenorrhea. Furthermore, this condition may be induced also by chronic pelvic inflammation, malnutrition and frequent ovulations, which occur due to hyperactivity of the anterior pituitary gland.