The cause of a headache can be simple, like an injury to the head, but it can also be a virus. There are tension headaches, with symptoms like pain surrounding the whole head like a headband placed around it. Pain accompanied by sensitivity to light or sound and nausea indicate a migraine headache. Congestion and mild fever are symptoms of a cold, in which case the pain can be coming from the sinuses.
Some headaches go away by themselves, usually after a nap. Relaxation is very important for treating a headache and massages to the temporal area and the neck are usually helpful to get rid of headaches.
If the pain persists, there is a choice of over-the-counter drugs that one can take, and the most recommended are ibuprofen or Tylenol.
A headache behind the right eye and temple, or a headache in the left eye and temple behind the eyes is usually different. Suffering a headache with pain around the eye socket and temple is a very uncomfortable feeling and sometimes requires medical attention. The most common causes of this kind of pain are dry eyes and sinusitis, but there are others, like orbital inflammatory syndrome, scleritis, cranial nerve palsy and optic neuritis.
Dry eyes are a very common problem. The eyes feel itchy, they burn, and the pain is sharp and stabbing. Artificial tears are the general treatment for dry eyes. They can be found in any drugstore or grocery store and do not require a prescription. Some patients, however, require a medical procedure to block the tear duct openings, so the liquid stays in the eye longer.
Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinuses. The pain is sharp and severe and gets worse with movements of the head. The best diagnosis is done by a CT scan, but a doctor can usually diagnose it with a thorough exam. The treatment includes antibiotics.
Orbital inflammatory syndrome is a condition which affects the muscles of the eye socket. It is diagnosed with a CT scan and cured with steroids. Scleritis is usually associated to another condition, like rheumatoid arthritis, gout or shingles. The symptoms include red eyes and pain. Optic neuritis affects the nerve and the muscles in the eye and is characterized by blurred vision and problems in color perception. Cranial nerve palsies are more present in patients with diabetes and high blood pressure. In addition to headache and eye pain, the symptoms include double vision.
If any kind of headache or pain behind the eyes persists, a neurologist or ophthalmologist should be consulted.