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Introduction

A sinus infection usually does not involve any seriouscomplication and if they occur they usually require immediate medicalattention. Sinus infection does not require any medications in order to betreated properly but certain complications may occur in persons who have aweakened or compromised immune system.

The treatment of a sinus infection usuallyinvolves medications and takes two weeks to be completed. If a person does notexperience any improvement and certain symptoms do occur, an immediate medicalattention is required. The symptoms include nausea, stiffness of the neck,vomiting, double vision, swollen areas around the eyes and headaches that onlyget worse with time. The complications of sinus infection usually occur inpeople who have never had the infection before. Those who suffer from chronictypes of sinusitis are somehow protected from complications of any type.

Complications

The most common complication of sinus infection is the lossof the ability to smell which is medically referred to as anosmia. Anosmia isusually caused when the infection gets worse which leads to constantinflammation of the mucosal lining of the sinuses. The inflammation damages theolfactory nerve endings in the nose and in severe cases the ability to smellmay be permanently reduced or even lost completely.

The second possiblecomplication of sinus infection is meningitis. It is a condition that involvesinflamed membranes that cover and protect the spinal cord and the brain. Thecondition is usually characterized by headache, high fever and other flu-likesymptoms. Other common symptoms include stiffness of the neck, skin rashes,vomiting, seizures, hemorrhages under the skin and increased sensitivity tolight. Children and adolescents are mostly at risk of being infected bymeningitis which can even be fatal in certain cases but when it gets triggeredby sinus infection it is not infectious. Another complication of sinusinfection is orbital cellulites which spread into the tissues that surround thesocket of the eye. It is usually characterized by extremely swollen eyelidswhich may sometimes lead to an impaired vision.

Certain severe cases of orbitalcellulitis may cause the patient to experience difficulties and pain whilemoving the eyeballs which can also sometimes protrude out. If one experiencesthe symptoms of orbital cellulitis, an immediate medical attention is requiredwhich usually involves the use of stronger antibiotics. Sinus mucocelesinvolves fluid filled masses which affect the ethmoid and frontal sinuses.Sometimes they erode the structures that surround the sinuses and destroy thebones that are close to the brain and the eyes. Symptoms also include orbitalpain and headaches. Sometimes the bacteria mutate and become resistant to theantibiotic medications, so one should avoid using antibiotics on a regularbasis.

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