Ringworm isan infection caused by the fungi. This infection is very contagious and youcould get infected by direct and indirect contact with the infected person oreven a pet. Sometimes, people may get ringworms simply by touching the samething as the infected person. Ringworm iseasily recognized, because the infection causes red rings on the skin ofan infected individual, and it may cause infections of the feet, the body, nailsor scalp. Infection can also expand further, but red ring stays visible in thecenter. In some cases, if there are more than one patch of the skin affected,rings may overlap. Many people complain about the rash and itching, thatusually follow ringworm infection.
There aremany treatments that can be used to cure ringworms. If your skin problem isprimarily fungal infection, you can use some of the over the counter products,designed for fungal infections. These products should efficiently deal with ringworminfection. If there is no improvement after 2 weeks of treatment, it is high timeto consult the dermatologist.
Azoles againstFungal Infections
Group of azolescontain some widely used anti-fungal medications, such as ketoconazole, miconazole,clotrimazole, butoconazole and others.
Ketoconazoleis one of the most commonly used anti-fungal drugs. It can be purchased as gelor foam cream, and ketoconazole shampoo is proven to cure scalp ringworm anddandruff. This substance is used in many anti-dandruff shampoos, because it isproven to efficiently control itching, scaling and flaking. It should be usedon the skin affected by fungi, twice a day, and the treatment is advised tolast for 3 to 5 weeks.
Miconazole hasboth anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties and it is also very effectiveagainst fungi, including ringworm infection. This drug can cause some adverseeffects, and patients reported mild burning sensation when using miconazole.
Butoconazolenitrate is the main ingredient of Mycelex, medication proven to be veryefficient against fungi. Clotrimazoleis yet another of azole drugs used against fungal infections. It can also cause mildside effects, such as redness of the skin or mild burning.
Other OTCFungal Drugs
For crusted lesionson the skin caused by ringworm infections, doctors usually recommendtolnaftate. After the crust is removed, patients may use some other anti-fungalmedications on the infected skin. Terbinafine is found in most pharmacies astablets or a different ointment. Pills could provoke abdominal cramps ordiarrhea, while ointments may lead to some itching of the skin. Terbinafinecreams and other ointments should be used two times a day, for at least 2 (andup to 4) weeks. These two drugs, terbinafine and tolnaftate may also be used in combination.