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Ringworm includes fungal infections that can affect the groin, skin and hands. It is caused by the multiplication of fungi that are found in the surface layer of the hair and skin. The main prerequisites for the development of this fungus are warm and humid areas, such as skin folds, changing rooms and swimming pools.

Symptoms of skin ringworm mainly manifests as red and itchy rash which can sometimes be in a ring form.

Jock itch is the groin rash that can affect the inner thighs and buttocks and is more common in males than in females. It is important to note that Jock itch spread by direct contact with infected people or animals and the joint use of clothes, towels and sports equipment.

Hand ringworm means dense, dry and peeling palms. Sometimes the skin between the fingers can become covered with moist open purulent wounds.

Accurate diagnosis of ringworm infection usually involves scratching part of the skin from rash and putting under the microscope so it could be with certainty determined what kind of infection is about.

The treatment of ringworm infection involves the application of anti-fungal cream directly on the rash. It may happen that a rash withdrawn shortly after the application of these creams, however, it is necessary to continue their use on the way it is written in the instructions so the infection would not be returned. These creams are usually can be found in the free sale. However, if the infection does not withdraw even after the measures taken, the doctor may prescribe medication for the systematic destruction of fungi. If a rash develops into blisters that break, causing infection then uses antibiotics for their treatment.

The prevention of ringworm infection means avoiding the common use of clothes, towels and sports equipment. Also, after every sports activity that involves personal contact it is necessary to take a shower and wash all clothes in warm water with anti-fungal soap. It is advisable to wear sandals or slippers on pools and locker rooms. It is important to regularly maintain personal hygiene, which involves changing the lower laundry at least once a day and maintaining skin to be dry after showering. Tight clothing made from artificial materials should be avoided. If a person suffers from athlete's foot, he/she should put on socks before each shower so the infection would not spread further. If it is suspected that a pet or some of the inmates suffer from ringworm infection, it should be treated in order to prevent its further spreading.

The treatment of ringworm infection usually involves the use of anti-fungal creams that can be bought in pharmacies without a prescription prescribed. Usually a rash retreat after 2-weakly use, but it is very important to continue with their use and up to 4 weeks in order to safely purify the body from the fungus. If the infection does not withdraw even after 4-weekly use of cream, applies anti-fungal tablets prescribed by physicians. During their use it should be strictly adhered to doctor’s guidelines so infection would not be returned. The most commonly used antimycotics are Allylamines - terbinafine (Lamisil), Azoles - fluconazole (Diflucan) and itraconazole (Sporanox), Griseofulvin (Fulvicin U/F, Grifulvin V, Grisactin) and other antifungals such as tolnaftate (Tinactin). Clotrimazole uses in treating ringworm infection accompanied with severe infection and burning sensation. Since this medicine contains steroids, it should not be used for more than two weeks.

People who are for a long time using anti-fungal drugs should from time to time to do blood analysis to check liver and kidney function, since these drugs can have adverse effects on these organs.

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