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This text deals with the topic of obesity in the adults. It is believed that obesity is a disease of a modern society. A person confronts with the problem of obesity when taking in too much calories through food and in return, when there is no physical activity in order to spend those calories. Obesity is a major problem in today’s society, as it can lead to other conditions that are very severe and which include heart problems, cancer and type 2 diabetes.

Causes of obesity

Nowadays, when we have all kinds of food at reach, consuming society provides us with all kinds of sweets, so-called junk food, leading to obesity. A big factor of obesity is an unhealthy diet, but there is a belief that genetics has a role in the obesity as well. Also, obesity can appear as a side effect of some medications used in treatment and some medical conditions.

If you think that you have a problem with obesity, you should visit a doctor and he can calculate your body mass index (BMI). You can do it by yourself if you divide your weight by your height and the answer that you get divide by your height again. If your BMI is between 25 and 29.9, then you are overweight, if it is between 30 and 39.9 you are obese, and if it is over 40 you are severely obese. This kind of obesity classification may not be accurate if you have a lot of muscle weight. You doctor will do some more measurements including measurement of blood pressure, your waist, and then, in consultation with you, he will advise you on the best possible way on how to lose weight.

Treatment of obesity

The most effective way to lose weight is long-term healthy life style that includes healthy diet and physical activity. You should eat smaller portions often, at least five a day. Fish should be on your menu at least two times a week.

It is important to create healthy habits that will become a part of your life. We recommend that you take care of the sizes of your portions, avoid eating alone in front of your TV or a computer, eat slowly and healthy food that has no sugar and fat, don’t skip meals and of course, limit your food. Activity has a major role in losing wait and it would be good that you find some activity that motivates you to do it for a long period of time. In that way, you don’t lose your motivation, it only forces you to move on.

There are some medicines that are used in the treatment of obesity, in the cases when diet and physical activity don’t bring results. That medicine is called orlistat and is prescribed to people whose BMI is 30 and above. In some cases, a surgery can be the only solution. Gastric bypass and gastric banding are the types of surgery that are most often conducted and are advised only to people whose BMI is over 40 and have disease that can be treated with weight loss. In extreme case, in persons whose BMI is 50 and more, surgery is the first option. It is not the end, it is just the beginning with obesity struggle. It is important to know that in that fight you are not alone, you have a team of experts that will help you to get over the problem and accept healthy diet and proper life style.

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