Why is bariatric surgery used for morbid obesity?
Bariatrics is the field of medicine which deals withoverweight people. The majority of people whose weight has got so much out ofcontrol find it difficult to lose any by conventional methods that they arerequired to turn to surgery. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity can berestrictive, which means that it causes weight loss by decreasing the capacityof the stomach, and malabsorptive, which decreases the amount of nutrition thatthe body absorbs from the intestine.
The course of treatment for morbid obesity
Whether one decides to surgically regulate the weight ornot, a change in the lifestyle which led to such condition must be introduced.This is not only to lose the weight, but also to start leading a healthierlife which consists of a proper diet and regular exercise. Although this kindof behavior should be followed in any case, it may not always lead to permanentweight loss. Sometimes morbidly obese people even turn to drugs in order tolose weight, but they also provide only short-term results in the majority ofcases. That’s when the surgery sounds like the only possible option.
The surgery used to take care of morbid obesity
As stated before, there are various types of bariatricsurgery which deal with morbid obesity. Those are restrictive bariatric surgeryand malabsorptive bariatric surgery.
Restrictive bariatric surgery affects the amount of foodthat the stomach can take and digest at a single time. What is done during thissurgery is that a small gastric reservoir is created with the purpose of beingable to obtain smaller amounts of food while digesting normally.
Malabsorptive bariatric surgery Abridges the length of thedigestive tract so that it would receive a significantly smaller amount ofcalories and nutrients. The procedure itself involves setting up a gastricbypass, as well as performing a gastric reduction procedure.
Finally, perhaps the best results when dealing with thecondition of morbid obesity can be achieved with the combination of both restrictive andmalabsorptive surgeries. This would most definitely have the most effectiveresults.