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Myositis is amuscle problem. In general, it represents the inflammation and swelling of themuscles, especially of muscles’connective tissue. Your doctor might refer tothis disease as an inflammatory myopathy, although this is a group of more thanone specific condition. Polymyositis, inclusion body myositis and dermatomyositisall belong to the group of inflammatory myopathies.

Weakened immune system is the most probable cause of myositis, although thistheory hasn’t been proved and clarified yet. Some scientists believe that theautoimmune disorder might also be the reason behind this medical condition,while some others claim that it was caused by some viral or bacterial infection.Injuries and certain medications, such as drugs used to lower the blood lipids(fibrates and statins) can also provoke myositis.

How to Recognize Myositis

Every person may experience different myositis symptoms, and thepain can be felt in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, hips or thighs. Symptoms appearvery slowly and the intensity of the pain might be different for each personexperiencing myositis. There is almost no difference between the symptoms ofpolymyositis, inclusion body myositis and dermatomyositis. The only way todifferentiate dermatomyositis is the skin rash, accompanying the pain in themuscles.

Less serious myositis symptoms include: weight loss, fever, pricklingand blue stains in the nails, irritation and voice changes (nasal voice or voiceloss).

The pain and muscle tenderness, which people suffering from myositisexperience, comes from the weakening of the muscles. Everyday activities mightbe seriously compromised because of the pain and discomfort the patient isfeeling. Sometimes, it could be very hard to get up from the chair, raise thehands above the shoulders or even climb a couple of stairs, for it could bereally painful experience.

When myositis affects the upper parts of intestinal tract, itmight cause eating and swallowing problems. Sometimes, this disease can affectthe stomach and intestine, leading to ulcers, bleeding and presence of thebloody stools. Abdominal cramps mightalso be caused by inflammation of the muscles in the intestines.

Other symptoms may include fatigue and tiredness, without anyphysical activity that might have caused it. Myositis can also affect the lungsand the heart, leading to cough, breathing problems and even heart failure.

What are Possible Treatment Options?

The diagnosis of myositis is established after some blood tests,CT or MRI scans, X rays or electromyograms. In most cases, doctors willrecommend medications, physical therapy and rest. However, you must be awarethat this medical condition can’t be cured, and patients may expect onlyimprovement of their symptoms. As in many other diseases, the treatment is moreefficient if the disease has been caught in the beginning. If that’s not thecase, myositis could be resistant to all treatments, tying the patients to bedor be a life threatening condition.

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