A miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion i.e. termination of the pregnancy at a stage where the embryo/ fetus is not able to survive. Miscarriage occurs prior the 24th week of pregnancy and is considered the most common complication of an early pregnancy.
The first trimester is definitively the most crucial part of the pregnancy. This is the period during which majority of miscarriages occur. All pregnant women must be familiar with symptoms and signs of early miscarriage. Only this way they can consult their doctors as soon as possible and the miscarriage may be stopped on time.
In case miscarriage occurs very early in the pregnancy (before the sixth week since the woman's last menstrual period) it is classified as early pregnancy loss or chemical pregnancy. If a miscarriage develops after the sixth week since the woman's last menstrual period it is classified as spontaneous abortion.
Signs of Miscarriage in Early Pregnancy
Each and every woman must be able to recognize even the slightest change and react to any kind of abnormal occurrences during pregnancy. For example, any kind of back pain must not be neglected. Miscarriage may cause mild to severe lower back pain. The pain is intensive and usually worse than pain during menstrual bleeding.
Painful contractions that tend to reoccur every 5-25 minutes are introduction to a miscarriage. Furthermore, there may be red or brown vaginal bleeding accompanied by cramps (more severe comparing to menstrual cramps). One more characteristic of a miscarriage in early pregnancy is white or pink mucus vaginal discharge. In some women there is even a uterine bleeding.
Apart from the previously mentioned, symptoms and signs of pregnancy such as morning sickness, breast tenderness/ soreness and frequent urination may suddenly cease.
In some women miscarriage in early pregnancy may start with fever and vomiting. And finally, by simple blood testing and measuring hCG levels in the blood the doctor can be sure that a miscarriage is going to happen. The level of hCG in a miscarriage decreases.
What are Complications of Miscarriage?
Even though many women recover from a miscarriage very quickly there are several complications that may occur. The remnant tissue is usually scrapped by a gynecologist. It can in some cases of a miscarriage cause profuse bleeding. Miscarriage may cause scarring of the uterus and consequent fertility issues. One more potential complication of a miscarriage is infection. Even though infection represents one of the most serious complications of a miscarriage it can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Untreated infection progresses into septicemia. And finally, some women develop clinical depression due to a miscarriage.