Miscarriage is usually defined as spontaneousending of the pregnancy earlier than the baby is 20 to 22 weeks old. Miscarriageis a quite common condition and many women even experience it before theyactually know of the state. In most times when miscarriage occurs, it just happens that the placenta is expelled without the fetus in it.
Causes of miscarriage
Sometimes it is quite impossible todiscover what the reason for the occurrence of miscarriage is. In some cases, chromosomalproblems of the mother may be responsible for the spontaneous abortion, but the truth is that many types of infections like herpes simplex, rubella and malaria may inducemiscarriage as well. Parvovirus B19 and cytomegalovirus are also considered to bedangerous since they may lead to the natural ending of pregnancy.
Moreover, miscarriage may be inducedby polycystic ovarian syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes andthyroid disease. Miscarriage can happen due to anomalousanatomy of the uterus, when the uterus is divided into several parts with thetissue bridge, thus making the fertilized egg incapable to implant itself.
Symptoms of miscarriage
There are some symptoms of miscarriage that are also normal during thepregnancy, such as vaginal bleeding and vaginal spotting. However, when thishappens, the woman should consult her gynecologist in order to be sure that thepregnancy goes well. If these bleedings start to occur more than it is normaland if they become heavier, particularly in the early pregnancy, then theyusually indicate miscarriage.
The sure sign of the spontaneous abortionis when the pregnant woman discovers that she has a vaginal bleeding that contains blood clots and tissues in it. The fetal development problems may be discoveredif the woman manages somehow to take the fetal tissue to the doctor. Sheshould place the fetal tissue in some clean container.
The women who experience miscarriagemay notice white or pink vaginal discharge, as well as painful contractions that occurevery five to twenty minutes. Furthermore, all the symptoms associated with pregnancy will disappear gradually, like morning sickness andbreast tenderness, for example. The abdominal cramping does not alwayshappen when miscarriage is in question, but if it appears, it can vary inintensity.
Treatment for miscarriage
In case of the complete abortion, the woman has expelled everything and except for the regular checkups, nothingmore is needed. However, if the doctor detects that some part of the placenta hasremained, then in such case D&C procedure is performed, in which theremaining parts are removed in order to prevent the possible infections of the uterus.