A nerves problem is a peripheral neuropathy is the problem of nerves that transmits on a brain-spinal cord manner. Peripheral neuropathy may cause a loss sensation, pain or muscles, coordination out of control and it also includes abnormal nerves.
Central nervous system get information from the set of peripheral nerves and another set of nerves carries data from other organs, joints and skin, from the brain and otherwise. If nerves do not work as they should peripheral neuropathy occurs and that means sensation loss, uncontrolled muscles, pain etc. Any nerve failure means problems with blood vessels other internal organs or intestines.
The results of such problems are digestion problems or abnormal blood pressure. Peripheral neuropathy may include impairment of a single nerve or mononeuropathy - a nerve group. The condition may include polyneuropathy or multiple nerves.
Nerves may get damaged from cancer, Friedreich's ataxia, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, AIDS, diphtheria, Colorado tick fever, Guillain-Barre syndrome, HIV infection, leprosy, Sjogren syndrome, systemic lupus Erythematosus, sarcoidosis, syphilis, amyloidosis, polyarteritis nodosa, Lyme disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, hereditary disorders, diabetic neuropathy, uremia, dietary deficiencies, alcoholic neuropathy, diabetes, systemic or metabolic disorders, exposure to poisons, nitrous oxide, sniffing toxic compounds, industrial solvents, heavy metals, drug abuse, compression of a nerve, ischemia, decreased oxygen, direct injury of the nerve, exposure to cold temperature, prolonged nerve pressure etc...
First, it is important to identify and treat some other medical problem possible in such case the prior peripheral neuropathy. Then it is important to get rid of the possible cause, like drug or alcohol abuse. If there are symptoms, all other symptoms need to be under control. Or if there is another disorder, it is a good idea to treat disorder first. It is good to help and encourage patient to have ability to care about himself and do not depend much from the others.
It is also recommended to have occupational therapy, physical therapy or orthopedic interventions. Exercises are also recommended to improve mobility, because these patients do not have a proper control over muscles movements or needed sensations for pain. Patients with polyneuropathy or mononeuropathy multiplex are having a nerve injury at pressure points such as elbows or knees more often then others because of not being able to sense it on a right way. Pain-killers prescribed by doctor are needed to control nerve pains.
Anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants or similar drugs ease the pains but only with low dosage because of the side effects. It is good for patient to sleep with elevated pillow and to reduce blood pressure from postural hypotension. For that it is good to use fludrocortisones or just alike medication. Medications that increase gastric motility also may help. If there is a bladder dysfunction involved too, it is necessary to press bladder with hands or to take drug called bethanechol. There are also other symptoms included such as diarrhea, constipation or impotence.