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Muscle cramps are unwillingly and forcibly contractedmuscles which are unable to relax. Most muscle cramps can be impeded by simplystretching the cramped area.

Techniques to relieve muscle cramps

There are a few rather uncomplicated techniques to relievemuscle cramps of moderate intensity. For example easing the strain of musclecramps in the leg or foot is quite undemanding, as one should just walk around abit in order to shake it off. As for the muscle cramps in the calf one shouldlean against the wall while standing on the heels with their back straight.Loosening up the ankle by trying to lean the toes as close to the head aspossible while the leg is straightened completely can also be helpful in thissituation.

Aside from these techniques for cramps in particular partsof the body there are a few general approaches to muscle cramps which can helprelax the muscles. Applying a tender massage or a cloth soaked in warm watercould do the trick.

Muscle cramps are not treated with medicine, except whenthey are a manifestation of an underlying condition and then some of themedicines used to treat the condition are also helpful with these cramps.

What can be done to prevent muscle cramps?

What kind of preventions is required depends on the reasonthat provoked the muscle cramp in the first place.

As cramps are most usually provoked by sudden movements of insufficientlyactive body parts, which are most likely to occur during sports activities andexercises, the best way to prevent them would be to make sure to warm up andcool down before and after these physical activities. Also, inserting enoughwater and other fluids around this time is highly recommended. Finally overworking and exhaustion in high temperature weather is to be avoided.

On the other hand, there are cramps which do not happen dueto physical activity, but some individual irregular sudden movements. If one isprone to these cramps, it is advisable to avoid any kind of position oractivity which is lacking in support to the wrists or other body parts whichare likely to experience a cramp.

Another kind of cramps are the so called rest cramps whichmost frequently happen during the night. The best way to ensure their absenceis to do light stretching exercises before going to bed.

Finally, eating foods enriched with magnesium, calciumand vitamin E also minimizes the potential presence of cramps.

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