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One of two major problems of the thyroid gland is hypothyroidism. The other problem is hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland, which is located in the neck, plays a very important role in controlling the metabolism of the cells in the body. This gland produces two vital hormones, T3 and T4, which are responsible for the proper functioning of the whole organism. Hypothyroidism or inactive thyroid gland is a condition characterized by inability of the thyroid gland to produce enough of its hormones. On the other side, hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid gland is marked by excessive production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid gland.

Diet for hypothyroidism

One of the major symptoms of inactive thyroid gland is unexplained gaining of weight. Even when one is on a diet and exercises regularly, if he suffers from hypothyroidism, weight gain is inevitable. However, once the inactive thyroid gland is diagnosed, the person gets a proper diet and exercise plan, which can be effective for the losing of body weight. Many experts think that people who suffer from hypothyroidism have a better chance to lose the weight if they avoid certain foods that interfere with the hypothyroidism medications. Therefore, it can be said that there is no a particular diet for hypothyroidism but just avoiding of specific foods. The people who are diagnosed with hypothyroidism should not consume salty foods, or foods high in salts. For example, they should avoid chips. Furthermore, there are certain supplements that should not be included in the diet, such as iron and calcium supplements, as well as iron rich vitamins.

When one has hypothyroidism, he/she receives synthetic made hormones since the thyroid gland does not secrete sufficient amounts of these hormones. However, there are certain other medicines that can interfere with these synthetic drugs, and among them are antacids, cholesterol-lowering medicines and medications for ulcers. Therefore, it is important to avoid these medications or take them several hours earlier before taking the medicines for hypothyroidism.

On the other side, the foods that are good for this thyroid gland disorder are foods rich in fiber. However, the diet for hypothyroidism should be planned together with the doctor or nutritionist, since this diet should have balanced amounts of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals. There are several diets for hypothyroidism that are claimed to be very successful and they can be found on internet. Nevertheless, it is of crucial importance to consult a doctor before opting for any of them since the doctors are the most competent to advice the patient according to his/her health state.

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