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The American Society for Reproductive Medicine defines infertility as a disease involving the human reproductive system. Although it can seem like conceiving a child should come naturally and easily, the biological and physiological process is very complicated and complex. Healthy reproduction and conception can be influenced by the proper functioning of the following factors:

  • Healthy egg production
  • Healthy sperm production
  • Unblocked fallopian tubes which allow sperm to reach the egg
  • Ability of sperm to fertilize the egg
  • Ability of a fertilized egg to properly implant in the uterine wall
  • High quality of the embryo

Infertility male factor information points to many different things which could prevent pregnancy in couples trying to conceive. However, with proper testing and treatment, male infertility can be treated and overcome. The chances of conception for the average couple is about 25% per each menstrual cycle and for most it happens within 12 months of trying. Infertility affects an average of 12% of couples of childbearing age, and infertility issues are not just limited to a woman. There can be instances where the male can be the sole reason behind infertility and until testing is done, knowing how to treat it will remain a mystery. However, more than 20% of couples have no identifiable cause for infertility even after undergoing extensive medical testing. Infertility male factor can be related to several different causes, including the following:

  • Genital infection or prostatitis
  • Testicular torsion (twisting) or trauma (injury)
  • History of early or delayed puberty
  • Toxic substance exposure
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Drug addiction
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Exposing the genitals to high temperatures
  • Prescription drugs for psoriasis or ulcers
  • Undescended testicles
  • Mumps after puberty
  • Hernia repair
  • DES taken by mother during pregnancy

Some of the problems relating to male infertility for couples trying to conceive can be treated by medication or surgical methods, others cannot. Undergoing medical testing and following the advice of a fertility specialist will help relieve or alleviate the issues relating to male infertility. Some couples will be able to conceive naturally and for some, the assistance of reproductive medicine will be needed in order to conceive a baby of their own.

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