Human growth hormone (HGH) is produced by the pituitary gland. This is a pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain. The very hormone is essential because it helps in proper growth and development. Once a person reaches middle ages the amount of human growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland starts to decline. This natural decrease in the amount of HGH actually makes people become more interested in the use of synthetic form of the hormone. Who are Candidates to Take Human Growth Hormone?
Synthetic form of human growth hormone is necessary for people suffering from true growth hormone deficiency. This form of the hormone is injected and can be only prescribed. In people who have been suffering from human growth hormone deficiency administration of synthetic form of the hormone can increase bone density, muscle mass, exercise capacity and decrease body fat.
The hormone is also administered in patients suffering from HIV-/AIDS-related muscle waiting.
What are the Effects of Human Growth Hormone in Healthy Adults?
Data regarding effects of human growth hormone on adults are, unfortunately, limited. It seems that injections of human growth hormone may increase muscle mass and reduce the amount of body fat. What needs to be known is that the increase in muscle mass does not instantly means increase in muscle strength. What researches have confirmed is that strength training represents much cheaper way to achieve both, increased muscle mass and muscle strength.
Other benefits of human growth hormone in healthy adults have not been identified yet.
What are Risks Associated with Human Growth Hormone?
There are many side effects of synthetic form of the hormone. All of them must be taken into consideration prior opting for such a treatment. Some of the most common side effects are swelling of upper and lower extremities, joint pain, muscle pain and in men there is a chance of gynecomastia (the abnormal growth of mammary glands in males and consequent breast enlargement). Apart from these moderate side effect some much more serious ones include diabetes and heart disease. Side effects of human growth hormone predominantly affect older adults. Since there is no sufficient data regarding all the side effects of synthetic human growth hormone, scientists assume that the number of potential side effects can only increase. And finally, for all those who chose this type of therapy there is one more issue- the cost of the therapy. Namely, human growth hormone injections can cost up to thousands of dollars.
Every person who is interested in treatment with human growth hormone is supposed to consult his/ her doctor and discuss all the possible advantages and disadvantages of such therapy.