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What is Ovulation?

Ovulation is the period of the month when a woman is mostfertile. Female body releases an egg (or in rare cases eggs) every month, whichis ready to be fertilized. Actually, women are fertile usually a day or twobefore and after the ovulation. Conception happens if the fertile egg getsfertilized by a sperm cell in that period of time. Because of that, women needto know the exact time of ovulation in order to avoid conception or conceive.

There are several methods to find out when you areovulating. The most common ways are the measuring of the basal temperature, countingof the days or monitoring the cervical mucus.

Basal Temperature

Measuring the basal temperature of your body is one of theeasiest methods for finding out if you are ovulating. This method requires trackingyour temperature for several months every day at the same time, just beforewaking up. Use the same thermometer and write down the temperature every day. Aftercouple of months, you will be able to see the temperature pattern.

Usually, there is a slight increase of basal temperature onthe day of ovulation (about 0.2 degrees Celsius or 0.4 to 0.6 degreesFahrenheit). For 48 hours after the ovulation you will see rise of thetemperature, and with the menstruation the temperature will drop to normallevel.

This method is suitable only for women having regularmenstrual cycles.

Day Counting

As the measuring of the basal temperature, day counting can’tbe used by women with irregular cycles. It can be used, actually, but won’t getyou the precise time of ovulation.

For those having the regular cycles, this is a good way topredict the next ovulation and plan your conception. Counting should start atthe first day of the period and if your cycle last 30 days, you will ovulate onthe 16th day. For the women with less irregular periods, this methodcan point to the most probable week of the ovulation.

Cervical Mucus

Hormone changes in the body affects the mucus from thecervix and this fact can be used to estimate the date of ovulation. At the timearound ovulation, there is plenty of mucus, and it looks like an egg white, stretchingbetween the fingers. This time is probably the best chance for you to conceive.There are also slightly less chances to become pregnant, right before and afterthe ovulation. Mucus usually gets sticky then and it can’t be stretched.

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