An occurrence of low blood pressure is called hypotension. Although, high blood pressure is a more common ailment, the opposite can also be very unpleasant. People suffering from hypotension may experience symptoms such as dizziness and fainting. On the other hand, having low blood pressure may mean that the individual has serious heart, endocrine or neurological disorders.
A substantially low blood pressure can deprive the brain and other vital organs of oxygen and nutrients which would lead to life-threatening circumstances. There are many causes for low blood pressure, ranging from dehydration to brain signal disorders related to blood pumping. It’s a treatable condition, but the important thing is to determine the underlying cause so as to permanently prevent such problems. More often than not, people with low blood pressure have an underlying cause to it. This especially may be the case if the following symptoms appear along the hypotension:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Fainting (syncope)
- Lack of concentration
- Blurred vision
- Nausea (in rare cases vomiting)
- Cold, clammy, pale skin
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Chronic thirst
Hypotension in many cases is not serious. If a patient feels fine despite constant low readings, monitoring is advised. Occasional light-headedness is nothing to be paranoid about. What’s important is how quickly the pressure drops, and not by how much. All things considered, the first time a patient notices symptoms of hypotension, it is a good idea to report that to his/her doctor. As mentioned earlier, it can point to a more serious problem, so it’s smart to make sure there’s nothing wrong. Depending on the cause, certain methods may help in reducing the symptoms, if not more. Water should be preferred to alcohol, since the latter can cause dehydration. Even moderate consummation of alcohol may negatively influence a person who already has hypotension. A healthy diet is always recommended.
Regular intake of nutritious foods is essential even for a healthy person, not to mention someone suffering from hypotension. If a doctor happens to recommend a higher sodium intake and the patient is not big on salt, he or she can substitute it with soy sauce, for instance. Soy sauce is known to contain whopping amounts of sodium, so it should do the trick. Sudden movements should be avoided so as to avoid dizziness. Caffeine helps to temporarily increase the blood pressure, but it can cause other problems, so it should be checked with a doctor before application. All of these treatments can safely be used at home in order to cure cases of hypotension.