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Inflammation of the fallopian tubes is referred to by the medical term, salpingitis. There are two different types of salpingitis, either acute or chronic; each type is determined by symptoms and severity. There are many different things that can cause salpingitis, which can include the following:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Childbirth
  • Bacteria
  • Peritonitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Abortion
  • Reiter's syndrome
  • Urethritis

Fallopian tube infection is a serious medical condition and if a woman does not receive medical treatment, it can lead to infertility problems. There are certain symptoms which a woman needs to be aware of which can be a warning sign of infected fallopian tubes, which include:

  • Fever
  • Abnormal discharge from the vagina
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain during ovulation
  • Pain during sex
  • Fever
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Frequent urination
  • Lower back pain
  • Painful menstrual periods
  • Spot bleeding between periods

When not treated properly, salpingitis can lead to further medical complications which can include:

  • Further infection which can spread to other parts of the female reproductive organs
  • Infertility due to fallopian tube deformity or scarring
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Tubo-ovarian abscess
  • Infection to other sexual partners

In order to properly diagnose a doctor will use a variety of different tests which can include a physical examination, to check for swelling of tubes or enlarged lymph nodes. A pelvic examination will check for tenderness of female reproductive organs and possibly the physician will take a sample or smear of vaginal discharge if any is present. Blood testing may be performed to check white blood cell count and other factors which could indicate the presence of an infection. Mucus swabbing is done in order for the laboratory to check which type of bacteria is causing the infection, so that the right medications can be prescribed during treatment. Fallopian tube infection is a condition which must be treated by a medical doctor; otherwise it could lead to further health problems. After treatment, the woman will not only feel much better, but she may be able to increase her chances of being able to conceive.

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