Fallopian tubes are found in every female mammal and are sometimes called uterine tubes or oviducts. The tubes are found in the pelvic cavity and run between the ovaries and uterus, being responsible for transporting the fertilized egg to the uterus after conception has occurred. The fallopian tubes are not directly attached to the ovaries, but rather open up into the abdomen, which is very close to the ovaries. The fallopian tubes play a very important part in female reproduction, ovulation and conception. Without fallopian tubes, the egg is not able to be fertilized and the embryo cannot reach the uterus to become implanted.
There are many reasons why a woman could be experiencing infertility related to fallopian tube problems, this could be very frustrating for a couple that is trying to have a baby and is something that needs to be treated by a medical professional. There are a variety of different problems which can develop within the fallopian tubes, which can cause complications and these include; tubal blockage and tubal scarring. Blocked fallopian tubes are one of the most common complications and something the tubes can become narrow or blocked which prevents conception. Certain things causes scar tissue fallopian tubes problems, which is also common and can lead to damage and prevent pregnancy from happen. The following causes scar tissue fallopian tubes blockage and damage:
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
In order for a woman to determine what the cause of infertility is, a reproductive endocrinologist may order and perform a series of tests which can include:
- Laparoscopic surgery
Once the reasons behind fallopian tube related infertility have been discovered a woman still has many options when trying to get pregnant. In-vitro fertilization can help a woman dealing with tubal factor related infertility and can have a success rate of 35%. Sometimes a woman can undergo fallopian tube surgery which can be performed to fix the damage or blockage and help the female become pregnant. Because fallopian tube problems can delay pregnancy, a woman should consult with a physician when dealing with a suspected case of tubal factor infertility.