The healthy heart and healthycardiovascular system are essential for the overall health of an individualsince the body is provided with fundamental nutrients and oxygen through thissystem. Therefore, the maintenance of the healthy circulatory system should bethe most important thing for every person. However, there are various disordersand diseases can be developed within this system and can affect its majorparts.
Decreased cardiac output
One of the heart problems isdecreased cardiac output, but let us first explain what cardiac output is. We knowthat the heart pumps the blood. Well, the cardiac output is the amount of theblood that heart pumps in one minute. The heart output is measured in dm3/minand it is estimated that the heart output in a healthy man is about 5 dm3/min, while in a healthy woman it is about 4.5 dm3/min. When the heart pumps less blood thanit is considered to be normal, it is a condition called decreased cardiacoutput, and it can appear due to various reasons.
Causes of decreased cardiac output
It is quite normal that variousheart disorders and diseases are the main causes for the incidence of thedecreased cardiac output. Therefore, it is even expectable that congenitalheart disease and myocardial infarction will cause the heart to malfunction andpump less amounts of blood per minute. Furthermore, it is also regarded thathigh blood pressure, valvular heart disease and arrhythmia are all possible culpritsfor the occurrence of decreased cardiac output. Among the causative factors of thisheart disorder are also pulmonary disease, decreased fluid volume andfluid overload, as well as drug effects.
Symptoms of decreased cardiac output
Although the hypotension is the mainsymptom of this condition, it can be manifested through numerous other symptoms among which are arrhythmias, dyspnea, decreased peripheral pulses and angina aswell as edema, tachypnea and syncope. Furthermore, people with decreased heart output may also experience orthopnea, weight gain, dizziness and confusion.Anxiety, weakness and tiredness are also some of the symptoms that can appearwhen this heart disorder is in the question.
Treatment of decreased cardiacoutput
What medication will be prescribed forthe treatment of decreased heart output depends only the causativefactor. However, in the majority of cases, the doctors prescribe diuretics, ACEinhibitors or antidysrhythmics. Furthermore, digitalis therapy and vasodilatortherapy are also used for the effective treatment of decreased cardiac output.