Hodgkin’s the disease is a type of white blood cells cancer, whichcannot be prevented because the real cause is unknown. However, since certainfactors of risk have been identified, it can be said that the people who are moreprone to developing it are people in the early adulthood and those older than 55,males more than females, those who have Hodgkin’s disease running in family andthose with the weakened immune system. Since the initial symptoms are weightloss without a known reason, night sweats, pain or swelling in lymph nodes,enlargement of liver or spleen, or both,easy bleeding and even back pain, the people who notice a few of these symptomsshould schedule an appointment with the doctor, and do some checkups, at leastin order to exclude this option.
What is the important of this fact that Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be cured, and the sooner it isdiagnosed, the better the chances for fighting it off. What’s more, this is oneof a very few types of cancer which have a very high rate of complete recovery.The treatment of this serious disease depends on several elements, and some ofthem are also the sex and the age of the patient, the stage of the disease, andits histological subtype. The main methods of treatment includes radiationtherapy or chemotherapy, or both in more severe cases. Chemotherapy consists ofdrugs which have the purpose to kill the cancer cells in the body, and it canbe given through injections or orally. In some cases, the patients should stayin the hospital for several days in order to be monitor, but in others thepatients can go home right after it.
Transplantation of the stem cells whichare produced in the bone marrow is also one of the options when it comes to thetreatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, especially in the patients in which thisdisease reoccurred. It is done in the combination with chemotherapy, becausefirstly, all the old stem cells have to be removed and replaced. The stem cellsand marrow can be taken from a donor or from the patient himself. If they aretaken from the donor, even though he has to be matched, there is still apossibility that his stem cells will be rejected, which makes this a bit morerisky procedure in comparison to the transplantation during which the stem cellsare taken from the patient.