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In order to promote a good overall health of one’s teeththere are a few measures of precaution that should be taken. One should alwaysbrush the teeth at least twice a day, and each brushing should last no lessthan three minutes. Using only a fluoride toothpaste is highly recommended. Theback teeth should be reached with a smaller toothbrush. The amount oftoothpaste that should be applied should not be bigger than a pea. Sometimesthe toothbrush cannon reach all the gaps between the teeth so that is why itis very important to floss. It is at the same level of importance as brushing.Brushing too hard could damage the gums so it is not recommended. One shouldalso avoid starchy foods and sugar as much as possible and visit the dentiston a regular basis. Tooth decay occurs because the outer teeth layers getdissolved by acids in the mouth.

A sticky film called dental plaque gets formed on the teethwhen the bacteria combine with saliva and small, undigested food particles.When a person consumes food and beverages that are rich in carbohydrates,bacteria transform the carbohydrates into the energy they need for their ownexistence, and during the transformation process they also produce the harmfulacids that destroy the teeth. Toothache occurs when the plaque completelydestroys the tooth to the point where the tooth nerves get exposed. If thetooth does not get treated it will eventually fall out. Tooth decay isunfortunately very common in people of all ages. Even though it is pretty muchwidespread, tooth decay can be treated and prevented very easily if one looksafter the teeth well and visits the dentist on a regular basis. Once toothdecay develops it can be repaired by crowns and fillings while some severecases require the tooth to be removed.

Sometimes the tooth decay can infect the gums and the bonesand tissue that support the teeth and it can also causes abscesses. Gum diseasecan be easily recognized by swollen red gums which usually bleed when a personbrushes the teeth. The main cause of gum disease is always the excessivebuild-up of dental plaque. Periodontitis is a condition that is much moresevere in its nature and its symptoms include inflammation of the gums, thetissues that connect the tooth to its socket and the inflamed alveolar bonethat contains the tooth socket. This condition sometimes causes a gap betweenthe gums and teeth and in certain cases the tooth may even fall out.Periodontitis can never be cured. Dental abscesses are swollen areas in themouth that are filled with pus. They can sometimes cause fever and severe pain.

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