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In order to promote a good overall health of one’s teeth there are a few measures of precaution that should be taken. One should always brush the teeth at least twice a day, and each brushing should last no less than three minutes. Using only a fluoride toothpaste is highly recommended. The back teeth should be reached with a smaller toothbrush. The amount of toothpaste that should be applied should not be bigger than a pea. Sometimes the toothbrush cannon reach all the gaps between the teeth so that is why it is very important to floss. It is at the same level of importance as brushing. Brushing too hard could damage the gums so it is not recommended. One should also avoid starchy foods and sugar as much as possible and visit the dentist on a regular basis. Tooth decay occurs because the outer teeth layers get dissolved by acids in the mouth.

A sticky film called dental plaque gets formed on the teeth when the bacteria combine with saliva and small, undigested food particles. When a person consumes food and beverages that are rich in carbohydrates, bacteria transform the carbohydrates into the energy they need for their own existence, and during the transformation process they also produce the harmful acids that destroy the teeth. Toothache occurs when the plaque completely destroys the tooth to the point where the tooth nerves get exposed. If the tooth does not get treated it will eventually fall out. Tooth decay is unfortunately very common in people of all ages. Even though it is pretty much widespread, tooth decay can be treated and prevented very easily if one looks after the teeth well and visits the dentist on a regular basis. Once tooth decay develops it can be repaired by crowns and fillings while some severe cases require the tooth to be removed.

Sometimes the tooth decay can infect the gums and the bones and tissue that support the teeth and it can also causes abscesses. Gum disease can be easily recognized by swollen red gums which usually bleed when a person brushes the teeth. The main cause of gum disease is always the excessive build-up of dental plaque. Periodontitis is a condition that is much more severe in its nature and its symptoms include inflammation of the gums, the tissues that connect the tooth to its socket and the inflamed alveolar bone that contains the tooth socket. This condition sometimes causes a gap between the gums and teeth and in certain cases the tooth may even fall out. Periodontitis can never be cured. Dental abscesses are swollen areas in the mouth that are filled with pus. They can sometimes cause fever and severe pain.

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