Sudden or strong symptoms of stomach ulcers occur due to elimination of protective mucosal lining of the stomach. It is called PUD (or peptic ulcer disease). The cause is bacteria Helicobacter pylori and the usual first occurring symptom is pain in abdomen. But in the process of progression of peptic ulcer, symptoms are getting more and more serious. The symptoms are obstruction, infection, perforation and internal bleeding. And gastric mucosal and erosion can go even further to penetrate into a stomach lining. And that is something that happens to only 10 to 15 % of patients.
The most usual peptic ulcer complication is the epithelial lining ulceration that can penetrate external skin. Stomach lining is sensitive because of the connective tissue of blood vessels. The ulcer can cause slow bleeding, more complications and can cause anemia. Then hypertension strikes on to tell us about inner severe blood loss. The patient in such case needs to be urged to hospital for blood transfusion ASAP. If this doesn’t work it may request a surgical intervention.
Penetration of ulceration happens during the stage of a complete thickness that can break through to visceral organs. All organs nearby are in danger, including liver, intestines or pancreas. It can be a severe complication and so does the fistulas and pancreatitis. Older patients are in a great risk because their penetration may result with sepsis.
Infection causes penetration and creates whole: the whole passes external and acidic fluids to peritoneal cavity, which causes serious infection. That is if the gastrointestinal system has a whole. Serious infection usually means inflamed peritoneum, which leads to exacerbating hyper-responsive tissues.
Obstruction, Swelling and Scar Tissue
A scar tissue can be product of inflammation, and epithelial surfaces may repeatedly occur. Body then creates abnormal tissue or swelling and may limit narrow passageways. The spot where is a scared tissue located may be over swelling and can be inflamed, and this state is called gastro duodenal obstruction. The obstructions are further located at the first intestine section and may be called gastric outlet obstruction. Gastric outlet obstructions are present in 2 out of 5% of patients. Symptoms are vomiting, nausea, sense of fullness, and also a weight loss, because of the less dietary food intake.
Of course there is a medical treatment that can solve this problem and it is pretty usual medical condition. But the complications can get more serious if patients are older.