Complications of obesity & overweight
In recent years obesity has become one of the biggest health problems all over the world. A person who is obese will not have problems only with the way he or she looks but with his or her health as well.
The body needs calories for most of its functions like breathing, blood circulation and physical activity. Four calories can be found in one gram of both carbohydrate and protein while one gram of fat contains nine calories. Obesity and overweight will occur when a person intakes too much calories and does not exercise enough. Physical activity is important for the burning of the calories. A person whose BMI is higher than 30 is obese while a person with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered to be overweight.
There are lots of disorders a person may end up suffering from if he or she is obese.
Obesity and high blood pressure
Obesity and diabetes
Atherosclerosis or fatty deposits in blood vessels
Stroke or paralysisBecause of the reduced supply of blood to the brain arteries caused by atherosclerosis a person may suffer from stroke or paralysis.
OsteoarthritisToo much weight puts extra pressure on the knees, hips and lower back. Joint pain and stiffness will occur sooner because the cartilage will break.
GoutAccumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints leads to gout and obesity increases the production of that acid.
Apart from these a person may also suffer from sleep apnea, fatty liver disease, gallbladder disease and gallstones.