Chlamydia infection is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. It affects both men and women. It is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia infection is easily spread and is mostly asymptomatic so the infected people are now even aware of the presence of the infective agent in their genital tract. Up to 75% of women and 50% of men infected with chlamydia suffer from no symptoms at all. This is a huge problem since the very presence of the infective agent, if left untreated, can cause serious damage to reproductive tract of both genders.
Causes of Chlamydia Infection in Men
The infection is spread due to unprotected and unsafe sexual intercourse. The risk is increased in men engaged in sexual intercourse with multiple partners. Promiscuity particularly if accompanied by unprotected sex is, therefore, considered major contributor to the spread of chlamydia infection in men. Any type of sexual activity including vaginal, oral and anal sex may lead to spread of the disease.
Symptoms of Chlamydia Infection in Men
After being exposed to the bacteria the symptoms of infection may develop within two to three weeks. However, in certain number of men infection does not have to be accompanied with any symptoms at all.
One of the first symptoms of chlamydia infection in men may be fever. What occurs next is burning sensation in the urethra. This symptom tends to intensify every time a man feels urge to urinate. Once the infection has progressed a man may notice the presence of foul watery and smelly discharge form the penis.
If the infection has spread via anal sex a man may complain about burning sensation in the anal area. Bleeding from the anus as well as anal discharge is also possible. If the bacteria are transferred by oral sex the person may complain about sore throat and in some cases the infection of the throat may be rather serious.
Diagnosis and Treatment for Chlamydia Infection in Men
The diagnosis can be confirmed after laboratory testing and analyzing samples taken from the affected region. In men a doctor usually takes swabs from the urethra or anus. Chlamydia infection in men can be associated with male infertility and this is why the treatment must start as soon as possible. Luckily this complication develops only in advanced stages of the disease.
Chlamydia infection in both genders is completely curable. The patients are prescribed specific antibiotics and they ought to stick to prescribed doses. Furthermore, men are supposed to take preventive measures and either abstain from sexual intercourse with multiple partners or use effective protection in a form of latex condoms.