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Testicular pain and the most frequent causes

Different causes can lead to creation of testicular pain, but the most common factor is the inflammation of the testicle and epididymis,especially in men over 18 years of age. This condition affects children veryrarely and it can be caused by a bacteria or a virus. As for viruses, mumps can bedangerous in puberty because it attacks testicles. Also, one of the main causesof testicular pain is urinary infection, which can complicate and inducetesticular pain.

If testicle inflammation happens often, doctors should checkfor congenital malformation. Inflammation in large number of men affects both, right and left testicle and it is followed by pain, redness, fever,increased body temperature etc. Treatment includes antibiotics and analgesics, while plenty of rest is also recommended.

More causes of testicular pain

Another cause of testicular pain is edema of scrotum, which isfull of connective tissue and therefore, swelling might occur easily. Edema iscaused because of the infectious inflammation of thescrotum. Swelling and redness are present and if bacteria is involved, changes onthe skin are possible, which also leads to a strong testicular pain. Depending onthe cause, the antihistamines are prescribed, and cold bandages might be used, too. Forbacterial edema of scrotum, testicle elevation is also important.

Another cause of testicular pain is trauma, especially in the teenage period, when the children are active the most. Next etiological factor could be torsion ofthe testicle, which happens often in infants and in adolescents. This conditionoccurs when the blood vessels and nerves that connect the testicle with surroundingenvironment twist around their axis. Testicular torsion may occur in the neonatal period as well, and even though it occurs in more than 10% of testicular torsions, in rare cases testicles can be saved.

Intravaginal torsion happens most often and it emerges inadolescent age. It happens to testicles that are not firmly attached in scrotumand there are usually some additional factors included, such as trauma, hyperactivity, sudden change of outer temperature, etc. This torsion usually affectsthe left side, because the testicle handle is longer on that side. Damage inflicted on testicle tissue depends of the torsionlevel and the period of the torsion. This condition requires immediate surgery, because necrosis of the testicle might happen. Torsions inflict the most intensive testicular pain followedwith nausea and vomiting, but swelling and redness are present, too.

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