Brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke and develops as a consequence of rupture of certain arteries of the brain. Severe and uncontrollable brain hemorrhage in spite of treatment may cause lethal outcome. This particularly refers to brain hemorrhage in certain parts of the brain that simply cannot be operated.
Brain Hemorrhage Overview
Brainhemorrhage may feature with a variety of symptoms which basically depend on the location of bleeding, its severity and the amount of damage to brain tissue. Symptoms and signs of brain hemorrhage develop suddenly or gradually. They usually become worse in time particularly if the person is suffering from severe bleeding.
Some of the most common symptoms and signs of brain hemorrhage include a sudden intensive headache, seizures, weakness/tingling sensation/ numbness in the arm or leg, nausea and vomiting, changes in vision, difficulty speaking, swallowing or understanding speech and loss of fine motor skills, coordination and balance. In some cases patients lose consciousness and end up in a coma.
There are different causes of brain hemorrhage and several risk factors that contribute to the condition. In many cases bleeding occurs due to head trauma, untreated hypertension, brain aneurysm and blood vessel abnormalities. Bleeding may also develop due to amyloid angiopathy, coagulopathies, liver disease and brain tumors.
Brain Hemorrhage Recovery
Recoveryafter brain hemorrhage depends on several factors such as the location of the bleeding, cause and the extent of bleeding. Unfortunately, not all the patients survive brain hemorrhage and some of them develop permanent neurological sequelae.
Treatment for brain hemorrhage may be conservative or surgical. The goal of the treatment is to stop the bleeding, reduce the brain swelling and prevent bleeding recurrence. Surgical treatment for brain hemorrhage is performed to remove the blood clot, remove brain tumors, alleviate swelling, stop hemorrhage and prevent bleeding recurrence. Craniotomy and stereotactic aspiration are two surgical procedures performed in case of brain hemorrhage. Still, even though some patients may need a surgery the very location of the bleeding may make the surgery impossible. In such case surgery would only cause additional damage to certain parts of the brain without any improvement of symptoms and signs caused by bleeding.
Recoveryafter mild bleeding does not last long. However, patients with moderate and severe brain bleeding, particularly if they have undergone surgery, need more time to recover. The location of bleeding and the amount of brain tissue affected by bleeding are main factors that determine whether a person will completely recover or suffer from certain complications. Some patients fully recover. On the other hand, some people have to face permanent loss of certain brain functions. Patients with neurological sequelae may benefit from physical therapy. Due to physical therapy some of the lost functions can fully restore.