Brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke and develops as a consequence ofrupture of certain arteries of the brain. Severe and uncontrollablebrain hemorrhage in spite of treatment may cause lethal outcome. Thisparticularly refers to brain hemorrhage in certain parts of the brainthat simply cannot be operated.
Brain Hemorrhage Overview
Brainhemorrhage may feature with a variety of symptoms which basicallydepend on the location of bleeding, its severity and the amount ofdamage to brain tissue. Symptoms and signs of brain hemorrhage developsuddenly or gradually. They usually become worse in time particularlyif the person is suffering from severe bleeding.
Some of themost common symptoms and signs of brain hemorrhage include a suddenintensive headache, seizures, weakness/tingling sensation/ numbness inthe arm or leg, nausea and vomiting, changes in vision, difficultyspeaking, swallowing or understanding speech and loss of fine motorskills, coordination and balance. In some cases patients loseconsciousness and end up in a coma.
There are different causesof brain hemorrhage and several risk factors that contribute to thecondition. In many cases bleeding occurs due to head trauma, untreatedhypertension, brain aneurysm and blood vessel abnormalities. Bleedingmay also develop due to amyloid angiopathy, coagulopathies, liverdisease and brain tumors.
Brain Hemorrhage Recovery
Recoveryafter brain hemorrhage depends on several factors such as the locationof the bleeding, cause and the extent of bleeding. Unfortunately, notall the patients survive brain hemorrhage and some of them developpermanent neurological sequelae.
Treatment for brain hemorrhagemay be conservative or surgical. The goal of the treatment is to stopthe bleeding, reduce the brain swelling and prevent bleedingrecurrence. Surgical treatment for brain hemorrhage is performed toremove the blood clot, remove brain tumors, alleviate swelling, stophemorrhage and prevent bleeding recurrence. Craniotomy and stereotacticaspiration are two surgical procedures performed in case of brainhemorrhage. Still, even though some patients may need a surgery thevery location of the bleeding may make the surgery impossible. In suchcase surgery would only cause additional damage to certain parts of thebrain without any improvement of symptoms and signs caused by bleeding.
Recoveryafter mild bleeding does not last long. However, patients with moderateand severe brain bleeding, particularly if they have undergone surgery,need more time to recover. The location of bleeding and the amount ofbrain tissue affected by bleeding are main factors that determinewhether a person will completely recover or suffer from certaincomplications. Some patients fully recover. On the other hand, somepeople have to face permanent loss of certain brain functions. Patientswith neurological sequelae may benefit from physical therapy. Due tophysical therapy some of the lost functions can fully restore.