Cerebral hemorrhage and the main symptoms
Cerebral hemorrhage is another term for the bleeding in the brain, which happens due to the rupture of some blood vessel located in the brain. Besides bleeding, this rupture also results in some damage to the brain, which is why the person who experiences something like this feels headaches in the first place, as well as difficulty or inability to perform some activities that are related to the affected part of the brain. Headaches are often followed by nausea and vomiting, but some neurological changes are present as well, either in the form of weakness and numbness, or in the form of paralysis, seizures and loss of speech or vision. This is why such symptoms should never be ignored or neglected, and medical help should be sought as soon as possible.
Forms and causes of cerebral hemorrhage
Cerebral hemorrhage might occur in a few forms, and depending on the location, there are intracerebral, subarachnoid, subdural and epidural hemorrhage.
Intracerebral refers to bleeding inside the brain, while subarachnoid hemorrhage is the term used for the bleeding between the brain and the membranes covering it. Bleeding between the meninges is subdural hemorrhage, and if bleeding occurs between the skull and the brain covering, then it is called epidural hemorrhage.
As for the causes of cerebral hemorrhage, several have been identified so far, and the most common among them are head injuries, aneurysm, hypertension, and conditions such as arteriosclerosis, amyloid angiopathy and arteriovenous malformation. Other causes are various bleeding disorders, anticoagulants and other vascular anomalies.
What to expect
The doctors will set the diagnosis after CT scan, although sometimes even lumbar puncture, MRI, MRA or CT angiogram might be required as well. It is of essential importance not to misdiagnose this condition, because the treatment depends on it. Other elements that influence the method of treatment and chances to recover are cause and location of bleeding, as well the blood clot’s size.
The fact is that cerebral hemorrhage very frequently has fatal consequences and according to some statistical records, mortality rate within the first month ranges between 30 and 50%. One half of the patients do not manage to live longer than two days. However, those people who survive will surely have some serious consequences because of the damage to the brain. Some of them might be temporary, and some permanent, but that depends on a number of elements and the efficacy of the treatment.