One of the most common infections of the blood is septicemia, but there are many others. The problem of blood infections is connected with the infection of the blood plasma and blood cells, which happens due to the pathogens influence. As we have said, the most common type of blood inflammation is septicemia or sepsis. This problem can mistakenly be confused with blood disorders. These blood disorders are non-contagious and genetic by nature.
The two words, septicemia and sepsis, are used equally, but there is a difference between them. When we talk about sepsis, the toxins are found in the entire body, when this problem is present. The toxins will spread through the body. On the other side, septicemia involves bacteria located in the bloodstream and this problem is known as bacteremia. The two types of blood infection we have mentioned are the most serious ones, and they seek medical attention.
Causes and Symptoms of Blood Infection
There are many different causes of blood infection, but the most common is the bacterial infection. This problem can be created even due to the viruses and fungi, if the individual is having a low strength immune system. The problem can move from the central point of the infection, or the infected nidus, to other locations in the body. The infected nidus can be a simple cut or even a major organ from where the infection will spread. The problem of the blood urinary infection begins from the lungs, from where the septicemia arises. Blood infection can also be created by the spreading of the infection, cellulitis infection, ruptured appendicitis or appendix, or meningitis. The spreading of the infection will be faster if the infection is originating from the abdominal organs. Surgery can also lead to blood infection, but this happens very rarely.
The most common symptoms include fever, faster breathing, tachycardia, confusion, disorientation, severe headaches, and rash on the skin, which can be located on one area or on the entire body.
Treatment and Risk
In order to treat the problem, a proper cause must be identified. When this is done, the treatment may start. Treatment must be given by a professional, especially if the patient is having another treatment for some other condition. Antibiotics are the most common methods of treatment. They can be administered intravenously, which is rare, are orally.
People who have weak immune system, debilitating disease (AIDS, diabetes, cancer), who had organ transplantation, have spleen problems, take immunosuppressive drugs, experienced severe burns, who take steroid for a longer period of time and those who undergo radiation therapy or chemotherapy are at higher risk of developing some kind of a blood infection. We have mentioned that septicemia is the most common type of blood infection, although there are some bacterial and viral types. In order to get the best treatment, visit a professional when problem is detected. This will eliminate the possible complication and bring proper diagnose and treatment plan.