Overview of Earaches
Various types of earaches are very common disorder for both adults and children. In cases that some of medical conditions like some allergies or swelling of tonsils occurs, they may block Eustachian tubes or sinus passages and cause build up of the excessive fluid in the ear and ear inflammation, producing symptoms like pressure, pain and in some extreme cases ruptured eardrum.
There are several most common types of ear problems. Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear usually seen in younger children and infants. Otitis media also may affect adults and older children. Myringitis is an inflammation of the ear drum may be due to localized infection or trauma, while Otitis externa is a skin infection of the outer ear canal, and it usually occurs after swimming, and that is why it is also known as swimmer's ear.
Possible Causes of Earache Some of the causes of myringitis may be viral or bacterial infections of the ear drum causing blistering and inflammation, or local trauma to the ear drum due to puncture by a foreign object. There are also cases when the ear drum is ruptured and this may occur with changes in pressure due to flying in an airplane, diving or very loud noise.
Causes of Otitis externa may be bacteria that cause the infection, moisture trapped in the ear canal or minor injury to the ear canal skin. Causes that can lead to Otitis media may be family history of ear infections, some kind of allergies, second hand smoke exposure or abnormal anatomy of the neck and head area.
Medical Treatment for Earaches
There are several possible treatments for earache, and the may be home remedies, homeopathic remedies or regular medicine medicaments. In homeopathic remedies herbs like Magnesia phosphorica, Hepar Sulphuris, Calcareum, Chamomile or Belladonna are used. In home remedies for ear infection, air purifiers and drinking lots of fluid may help.
In cases of medical treatments they depend mostly of the age of the patient and type of infection. For cases of Otitis media, some over the counter pain medications are usually enough, and in some more severe cases antibiotics are prescribed. In cases of Myringitis, treatments include pain medication, antibiotics or antibiotic ear drops, and in cases of Otitis externa antibiotic eardrops, sometimes containing steroid for reduced swelling are used for periods up to seven days, together with oral antibiotics.