The kidneys are our vital organs of the urinary tract which have several important functions and for that reason we should maintain these organs healthy. However, when they are affected and damaged they may show some symptoms which warn us about their state.
There are several kidney problems which are generally known as kidney disease. All these kidney disorders tend to cause pain in the back and we all know that back pain is the symptom which is characteristic for many other health issues. In the view of this fact, it is essential to distinguish the back pain related to the kidney disease from the back pain problem which occurs from some other reasons.
Back pain related to pyelonephritis
When the kidneys are infected by the bacteria which spreads from the bladder it is called pyelonephritis and exhibits several symptoms. Pain may occur in the back and in the sides of the body but also in the groin area. Furthermore, frequent urination with a burning sensation, hematuria, nausea and vomiting are some of the accompanying symptoms which may also appear when pyelonephritis is in the question.
Back pain related to kidney stones
Kidney stones are the most common kidney disease and the stones in the kidneys may cause sharp excruciating pain which may appear either on the sides or in the lower back since the kidney stones may change their position inside the body. Other symptoms which follow the back pain are hematuria, foul-smelling urine, chills, nausea and vomiting.
Back pain related to kidney cancer
The pain in the back which is associated with the kidney cancer is slow and dull since the tumor tends to stretches the kidney capsule. The kidney cancer does not exhibit the signs in the first stages but only when it has progressed when certain symptoms start to appear like loss of the body weight, tiredness, hematuria and persistent fever.
Back pain related to polycystic kidney disease
Certain genes are responsible for the occurrence of polycystic kidney disease and because of that it is considered to be a hereditary condition marked by very big enlargement of the kidneys which occur over many years. When the cyst bleeds flank pain usually appears accompanied by tenderness and pain in the abdominal area, hematuria and excessive urination, especially at night. Nail abnormalities, hypertension, pain in the joints and painful menstruation in women are also some of the signs of polycystic kidney disease.