PKD or Polycystic KidneyDisease
Polycystic kidney disease is a condition in whichnoncancerous cysts filled with fluid form and develop primarily in the kidneys.However besides within the kidneys these cysts may develop within otherorgans and in other parts of the body as well. This disease is congenital,which means that genetic defect is present in the people who will develop it and someof the symptoms which may indicate it are frequent urination, enlarged abdomen,blood in the urine, kidney stones or kidney failure, pain in the back, frequenturinary or kidney infections and enlarged kidneys. People with polycystickidney disease may also have high blood pressure and headache. However it maytake years before the signs appear. So many people are not even aware of ituntil then. Given that it runs in the family it is strongly advised for therelatives of a person who suffers from it to see the doctor in order to checkout whether they have it as well.
Complications relatedto polycystic kidney disease
This condition does not always have to be serious but it isnecessary to diagnose it in time, to start the treatment and to go on regularcheckups. All these measures will significantly reduce the risks of possiblecomplications that may appear, among which the most common one is high blood pressure. Besides this one, numerous other complications are possibleas well as some more and some less serious. The cysts are likely to develop withinthe liver, and females will have more problems, because, due to hormones, cystsin them will be larger. Diverticulosis or more precisely, hernias and pouches inthe wall of the colon, as well as chronic pain in back are also common problemsof people in which this condition provokes complications. Much more seriouscomplications which may be a result of polycystic kidney disease are brainaneurysm, particularly in people older than 50, abnormalities of heart valvesuch as mitral valve prolapse complications in pregnancy, especially with womenwho have a history of high blood pressure, and the loss of kidney function,which is one of the most dangerous complications. Statistics say that more thanhalf of people with this disease will have kidney failure before they turn 70.
It is usually impossible to predict when these complicationswill occur which is only a reason more for regular controls of the condition, aswell as for following the advice and suggestions given by the doctor becausethe treatment of polycystic kidney disease consists of treating the symptoms. Itis not possible to cure the disease itself.