Asthma has become a common disease among the worldwide population. Children mostly suffer from allergic asthma (in 90%). About half of the adult population suffering from this problem also has allergic asthma.
Allergy is over-reaction of our immune system. It reacts to certain allergens, stimulating immune antibodies (IgE antibodies). These antibodies treat those allergens as foreign attackers and strongly attack them, causing release of histamine and other substances in the body, and leading to allergic reaction. Histamine and other chemicals released during the allergic attack are responsible for allergy symptoms, such as runny nose, sneezing, redness of the eyes, etc.
Allergic asthma is also caused by overreaction of your body to the allergens, this time located in your airways. Allergens provoke inflammation of the airways, production of thick mucus and also cause bronchospasm (constriction of the muscles of your airways). Many substances may act as allergens, provoking asthma attacks. The most common are: plant pollen, spores and fragments of the molds, dust mite or cockroach feces and animal saliva and dander.
Several substances could trigger an asthma attack, if you are susceptible to it. Tobacco or any other kind of smoke, fireworks, strong scents, perfumes, odors and fumes and also dusty workplace can all lead to an asthma attack. Other potential triggers include cold air, exercises on cold air and air pollution.
Asthma symptoms may include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, coughing, wheezing and chest tightening. Allergens might also cause reaction on your skin, eyes or gastrointestinal system (if you eat something you are allergic to). The most severe allergic reaction that might be a life threatening condition is anaphylactic shock.
When you experience symptoms of allergic asthma your doctor will recommend determining the exact cause of the disease. There are some blood tests, designed to determine the levels of your IgE antibodies and skin tests. Skin test usually contains pricking your skin with tiny amount of different allergens, after which the doctor is able to determine the cause of your allergic asthma.
There are many treatments for people suffering from allergic asthma, including saline rinses, nasal sprays, inhale steroids and bronchodilators and antihistamine medications, even some immunotherapy, if everything else failed.
Control Your Allergic Asthma
Once you know your allergens and triggers stay away from them. If you are allergic to pollen, stay inside as much as you can, limiting even the outside work in your garden if you must.
Use allergen proof covers for your pillows and mattresses, in order to avoid any mites. Wash your bedding once a week and always make sure to wash the stuffed animals your children play with.
Your kitchen and bathroom must be very clean and dry, in order to prevent mold and cockroaches in it.
Sometimes, you could be allergic to your own pets. Get tested for sensitization to their dander and saliva, because it might be the cause of your breathing problems.