Methylphenidate is a drug which is soldby the brand-name of Ritalin, referred to as MPH as well. Thismedication is designed for treating the attention deficit disorder orthe postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, as well as narcolepsy,even though it can be used for some other purposes as well.
This medication is a commonlyprescribed choice for the treatments of ADHD and POTS since itincreases the production of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain,removing the symptoms of these conditions and some other, similarhealth problems.
Methylphenidate for ADHD and POTS
Since MPH is capable of increasing thefunctions of the central nervous system, it helps people who sufferfrom the above mentioned conditions manage to maintain proper levelsof alertness and attention, making it possible for them to fight offfatigue or any other, unwanted symptoms.
Even though we are yet to find out thelong-term effects of MPH, it is a very effective temporary solutionfor people who experience either ADHD or POTS. However, bear in mindthat this drug is not allowed to be given to children younger than 6.
As far as the usage for ADHD isconcerned, MPH is approved by the FDA in this respect, especiallywhen combined with the cognitive behavioral therapy. In fact, thereare studies which found that children who are treated for ADHD withthis drug have up to 85% less chances of abusing drugs once theyreach adulthood.
Furthermore, it was also scientificallyproven that children under the age of 18 can have their ADHD symptomsadequately treated with Methylphenidate. Yet, these pieces ofinformation are solely to be attributed to short-term forms oftreatment and no studies have been carried out involving the usage ofMPH and placebo over the course of time longer than 4 weeks.
Keep in mind that the effect of thismedication varies with the dose and the dosage itself is differentfrom one child to another, depending on their reactions to the drug.Basically, medical practitioners usually give their best toadminister the lowest possible dose necessary for keeping side-effectof MPH at bay, while making sure that the effectiveness is prominentat the same time.
Thus, children are commonly givenbetween 5 and 30mg of Methylphenidate on a daily basis, even thoughcertain cases have involved dosage of up to 60mg a day.
As for POTS, children who suffer fromthis condition have problems with their heart, experiencing a largeincrease in their heart rate once they change their body position orposture, moving from one chair to another, spending time inhorizontal position or raising their hands above their head. Due tothe characteristics of this condition, some patients may not becapable of going to school or to work since they might be exposed tothe debilitating symptoms of this condition.
Apart from drinking more water as acommon part of the treatment for POTS, patients respond well tomedications such as Methylphenidate due to the fact that theseincrease norephinephrine and dopamine levels, promoting increasedblood pressure and vascoconstriction.
Some of the most commonly seenside-effects related to this medication are suicidal thoughts,confusion, chest tightness and pain, depression, aggressive orirritable behavior, agitation and restlessness, fainting, seizures,tics or some other forms of uncontrollable movements affecting theface, legs, arms or mouth. Also, allergies can be related to thiscondition resulting in rashes, itching, hives, breathing difficultiesor swelling.
Nevertheless, such occurrences areextremely rare and these side-effect can be related to mostmedications. In general, people tolerate MPH well and theside-effects that most of them experience can be categorized asminor. Still, it is best to ask your health provider about all thesebefore taking this medication for the first time, knowing what toexpect and how to react if you notice any of the above mentionedsymptoms.
Some of the most rarely seen adversereactions which can be attributed to this medication are changes inliver function and the onset of hepatitis, along with hair loss andanemia. If you experience any serious side-effect of this type,consider yourself highly advised to seek immediate medicalassistance.
Finally, Methylphenidate has been knownto lead to escalations in conditions such as mental problems,heart-related complications or seizures. Hence, people who sufferfrom these, or any other problems of this type should consult withtheir health experts before taking this medication, informing themabout the presence of any of these health problems.
All in all, ADHD and POTS are bothconditions which can be treated with a special type of medicationcalled the Methylphenidate. Even though this medication has certainside-effects, these rarely appear and patients usually respond tothis medication well.
Yet, if you have any other questionsrelated to the effects and usages of Methylphenidate or similardrugs, consult with your doctor or health practitioner.