The appearance of white spots on throat is usually a very distressful and unpleasant condition. In many cases, it is very hard to diagnose it. Furthermore, when the white spots occur on throat, they can be the cause of bad breath.
Causes of white spots on throat
The most common causes for the appearance of the white spots on throat are cadidiasis, herpes and tonsilolith.
- Candidiasis is an oral yeast infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans. When the fungus is kept under control, it is not harmful. Otherwise, when certain factors trigger the overproduction of the fungus, a yeast infection occurs. When it occurs in the mouth, it usually affects the tongue and the palate. However, it can also spread to the throat, especially in those people with a weak immune system. The yeast infection in the throat causes the appearance of the white spots. When it occurs, it can be also be manifested through a burning sensation and pain in the throat.
- Another cause that may be responsible for the white spots on the throat is herpes. This condition is caused by the virus herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. Herpes can be oral and genital. When herpes occurs in mouth, it can expand to the throat and the main symptoms in such case are white small blisters that tend to burst and cause painful scars in the throat. Other accompanying symptoms of this condition are difficulty while swallowing, malaise and fever, as well as a burning sensation.
- Tonsilolith is a medical term for the tonsil stones, which are calcium formations on the tonsils. This condition is also a potential cause for the appearance of white spots in throat, as well as on tonsils. Tonsil stones may vary in size, and there are cases when they are so big that the person with it cannot talk easily.
Treatment of white spots on throat
In order to treat white spots on throat, it is important to discover the main cause first and then treat the underlying condition. When the white spots are caused because of the yeast infection, then the doctors prescribe anti-fungal medication that can be taken orally or applied topically. On the other side, when herpes is responsible for the white spots in throat, then the doctors prescribe anti-viral medicines. When the tonsil stones are the main cause, then there are certain natural remedies, as well as a surgical option.